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Oryzias soerotoi  Mokodongan, Tanaka & Yamahira, 2014

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Oryzias soerotoi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae (Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335);  soerotoi: Named for Bambang Soeroto, a systematic ichthyologist at Sam Ratulangi University, Indonesia, in recognition of his enduring contributions to the exploration of fish diversity in Sulawesi.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Lake Tiu in central Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 103734); 3.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal soft rays: 18 - 21; Vertebrae: 29 - 31. Oryzias soerotoi is distinguished from all congeners from Sulawesi by its brilliant orange coloration in the dorsal and ventral margins of the caudal fins of adult males. It differs by fewer scales along lateral midline (30-32) from O. sarasinorum (70-75), O. bonneorum (36-39), O. eversi (33-36), O. orthognathus (45-57), O. nigrimas (34-37), and O. matanensis (41-47). Other character useful to identify O. soerotoi is by having deeper body depth (21.6-24.8 vs. 13-15 in O. sarasinorum; and 17-20 in O. bonneorum). In addition, O. soerotoi has narrower body than O. matanensis (26.0-31.0) and O. profundicola (30.4-35.2); fewer dorsal-fin rays (8-9) than O. sarasinorum (11-12), O. bonneorum (12-13), O. eversi (10-12), and O. profundicola (10-14); fewer vertebrae (29-31) than O. sarasinorum (34), O. orthognathus (33), and O. nigrimas (32-33). It can be diagnosed from O. matanensis, O. marmoratus, O. profundicola, and O. hadiatyae, by the absence of dark brown blotches or bars on the lateral body in adult males. It can be further distinguished by its shorter anal-fin base (23.7-29.7) from O. marmoratus (31.4-36.9) and O. profundicola (37.4-41.4). It is distinct from O. hadiatyae by its short head (21.9-24.9 versus 27.2-37.1) and no pronounced concavity on the snout; from O. celebensis by the absence of distinct black stripes from the posterior midbody onto the caudal fin and of diffuse dark bars extended from dorsal and ventral to the midline; further from O. celebensis by having somewhat fewer pectoral-fin rays (9-10 vs. 10-11); from O. woworae, O. wolasi, and O. asinua by the absence of steel blue body coloration and of brilliant red or orangish coloration in the dorsal and ventral margins of the caudal peduncle; and larger size than O. woworae, O. wolasi, and O. asinua (up to 3.21 cm SL vs. 2.86 cm SL); from O. nebulosus by having a truncate caudal fin (vs. emarginate) and somewhat fewer lateral scales (30-32 vs. 32-36). It differs from O. mekongensis and O. pectoralis, Oryzias outside of Sulawesi having orange or reddish margins on the caudal fins of males by the possession of 8-9 dorsal-fin rays (vs. 5-7 in O. mekongensis and 6-7 in O. pectoralis) and attaining larger size (up to 1.67 cm SL in O. mekongensis and 2.23 cm SL in O. pectoralis) (Ref. 103734).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality, Lake Tiu in central Sulawesi, is surrounded by trees and mountains and is characterized by a muddy substrate, and calm and transparent water, but darkly stained by decaying vegetation. Juveniles and young fish occurs in shallow habitats with dense vegetation (Ref. 103734).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Based on aquarium observations, females carry eggs on a genital pore for several hours and deposit them onto submerged yarn (Ref. 103734).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Seegers, Lothar | Collaborators

Mokodongan, D.F., R. Tanaka and K. Yamahira, 2014. A new ricefish of the genus Oryzias (Beloniformes, Adrianichthyidae) from Lake Tiu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Copeia 2014(3):561-567. (Ref. 103734)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00192 - 0.01252), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .