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Paracobitis hircanica  Mousavi-Sabet, Sayyadzadeh, Esmaeili, Eagderi, Patimar & Freyhof, 2015

Hircan crested loach
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Paracobitis hircanica
Picture by Mousavi-Sabet, H.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Nemacheilidae ()
Etymology: Paracobitis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  hircanica: Named from the Greek name for the southern Caspian Sea region where the species occurs, Hyrcania.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Iran (tributaries of the Gorgan River).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 103421)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congeners in the Middle East by the following characters, of which none are unique: this species is similar to P. atrakensis, P. smithi and P. vignai by lacking scales (vs. body fully covered in scales P. longicauda, P. rhadinaea and posterior flank behind dorsal-fin origin is covered by scales in P. malapterura, P. basharensis, P. molavii, P. persa, P. zabgawraensis); it differs from P. atrakensis (which occurs in the adjacent Atrak drainage) by the colour pattern of the caudal fin, rays are dark-brown or black, and have a hyaline base and a hyaline posterior margin (vs. rays hyaline with an irregular pattern of dark brown or black spots and elongated blotches often organized in 1-3 wide, irregularly shaped bars); it differs further from P. atrakensis in having a clearly emarginate caudal fin (vs. truncate or slightly emarginated), a well developed axillary pelvic lobe (vs. absent) and a fine marbled or vermiculate brown colour pattern on the flank (vs. coarse marbled); it differs from the hypogean P. smithi by having normally developed eyes (vs. no eyes), an emarginate caudal fin (vs. forked) and a dark brown colour pattern (vs. no colour pattern); differs from P. vignai by having an emarginate caudal fin (vs. forked) and a roundish posterior nare opening (vs. slit-like) (Ref. 103421).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality of this species, Zarrin-Gol stream, is about 2 m wide, with substrate consisting of coarse gravel and boulders, fast-flowing and semi-transparent waters without submerged vegetations (Ref. 103421).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Mousavi-Sabet, H., G. Sayyadzadeh, H.R. Esmaeili, S. Eaderi, R. Patimar and J. Freyhof, 2015. Paracobitis hircanica, a new crested loach from the southern Caspian Sea basin (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(4):339-.346. (Ref. 103421)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .