Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
North America: Upland streams on the Cumberland Plateau in the upper Bear Creek system (Tennessee River drainage) and the Hubbard Creek system (Mobile Basin) in Alabama, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116751)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9 - 12;
soft rays: 7 - 9. Etheostoma cyanoprosopum is distinguished by the following characters: lateral line complete with 45 to 53 scales; 11 to 17 transverse scale rows ; 16 to 20 scales around the caudal peduncle 16 to 20 ; dorsal fin with modally 10 spines and 12 rays; anal fin with 2 spines and 7 to 9 soft rays; pectoral fin with modally 14 rays; nape, belly, and prepectoral area are scaled; breast naked in most specimens; nine lateral blotches of pigment on side of body, 8 to 10 dorsal saddles, a narrow suborbital bar; spinous dorsal fin with three distinct color bands in nuptial males; a distal-most thin turquoise band, a medial band of dark red, and a basal-most band of black spots; second dorsal fin with blue color on distal third and a more basal red band limited to the posterior two-thirds of the fin. Nuptial males possess a turquoise to darker blue color on the pelvic fins, caudal fin, and margin of the anal fin. A turquoise color on the breast extends to the underside of the head, snout, and cheeks. A pale white line extends along the lateral line to the middle of the second dorsal fin. Absence of a red ocellus in the first interradial membrane of the first dorsal fin in both males and females (Ref. 116751).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kozal, L.C., J.W. Simmons, J.M. Mollish, D.J. MacGuigan, E. Benavides, B.P. Keck and T.J. Near, 2017. Phylogenetic and morphological diversity of the Etheostoma zonistium species complex with the description of a new species endemic to the cumberland plateau of Alabama. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 58(2):263-286. (Ref. 116751)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .