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Ophichthus cephalozona  Bleeker, 1864

Dark-shouldered snake eel
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Ophichthus cephalozona
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Ophichthus: Greek, ophis = serpent + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 38°N - 26°S, 96°E - 148°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: East Indies to the Society Islands, north to the Mariana Islands, south to Queensland; Mariana and Marshall Islands in Micronesia. Also in southern Japan (Ref. 637). Reported from India (Ref. 45255).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 115 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 155 - 157. Body pale, almost white, with dark snout (Ref. 48635) and distinctive marking on back of head.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits muddy to sandy inshore areas and occasionally forages in the open at night (Ref. 637). Burrowing species (Ref. 75154). Caught rarely with gill net from the muddy shallow bottoms of Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 637). Nocturnally active (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00151 (0.00061 - 0.00373), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .