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Carcharhinus macloti  (Müller & Henle, 1839)

Hardnose shark
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Carcharhinus macloti   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Carcharhinus macloti (Hardnose shark)
Carcharhinus macloti
Picture by Iranian Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 170 m (Ref. 6871).   Subtropical; 26°N - 11°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 70 - 89 cm
Max length : 110 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. A small slender shark with a long narrowly rounded or somewhat pointed snout, no interdorsal ridge, small pectoral fins, a small first dorsal fin with an extremely long rear tip and a small low second dorsal fin with a long rear tip (Ref. 244). Back grayish or grey-brown, belly white; posterior margin of pectorals and ventral caudal fin lobe with an inconspicuous white edge; posterioventral and dorsal margins of caudal fin with a narrow black edge (Ref. 9997).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Kenya, Tanzania, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Sea, Myanmar, Viet Nam, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and the Philippines (Ref. 6821), New Guinea. Also in the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Possibly occurring in the Gulf of Aden (Ref. 9997).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in inshore and offshore waters of continental and insular shelves (Ref. 9997). Feeds mainly on fishes, also cephalopods and crustaceans (Ref. 6871). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Of limited interest to fisheries due to its small size (Ref. 9997). Utilized fresh and probably dried-salted for human consumption (Ref. 244).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). 1 or 2 (usually 2) in a litter (Ref. 244). Size at birth 45 to 50 cm TL (Ref. 9997). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). 12 months gestation period (Ref.58048).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 9997)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00241 - 0.01199), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.