Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 50 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C, preferred ?; 35°N - 31°S
Indo-Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Atoll to the Line, Marquesas and Ducie islands (straying to Easter Island), north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Common at most oceanic islands except the Carolines (Ref. 9710). Not reported from Indonesia or Malaysia; nor in Hawaii and Johnston Atoll (Ref. 48391).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 72479)
Adults occur in coral rich areas of shallow lagoon and exposed seaward reefs from the lower surge zone (Ref. 9710) to 50 m (Ref. 30874). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juveniles secretive (Ref. 9710). Feed mainly on algae. Live as long as 11 years in captivity (Ref. 37816). Frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Ref. 48391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bi-directional sex change has been confirmed for this species (Ref. 103751).
Pyle, R., 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. p. 3266-3286. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. (Ref. 48391)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03020 (0.01514 - 0.06024), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .