Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; arupi: Named for Prof. Arup Kumar Das, coordinator, UGC sponsored Centre of Excellence in Biodiversity, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: upper Brahmaputra basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81034)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Can be distinguished from its sympatric species Garra kempi in having the following characters: perforated lateral line scales 35-36 (vs. 40-42); vent to anal distance 52.0-60.0 (vs. 50.0-52.9%) pelvic to anal distance; predorsal scales 11-12 (vs. 13-14); circumpeduncular scales 16 (vs. 12); transverse scales between anal fin origin and lateral line 3½ (vs. 2½,); presence of a distinct submarginal band on the dorsal fin (vs. absence); presence of a transverse band of tubercles on the snout tip (vs. absence); and the presence of 7-8 thin stripes on the caudal peduncle (vs. absence). Differs from another sympatric species Garra lissorynchus in possessing the following features: predorsal scales 11-12 (vs. 14-15); branched dorsal fin rays 7 (vs. 6); branched anal fin rays 5 (vs. 4); transverse scales between the anal fin origin and the lateral line 3½ (vs. 4½); absence of a W-shaped color band on the caudal fin (vs. presence); absence of a rostral lobe on the snout (vs. presence); presence of a transverse band of tubercles on the snout tip (vs. absence); and vent to anal distance 52.6-60.0 (vs. 37.3-40.2%) pelvic to anal distance (Ref. 81034).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nebeshwar, K., W. Vishwanath and D.N. Das, 2009. Garra arupi, a new cyprinid fish species (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from upper Brahmaputra basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India. J. Threatened Taxa 1(4):197-202. (Ref. 81034)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00310 - 0.01692), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .