Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; bispinosa: The specific name is made from the Latin bi (two) and spinosus (spiny), in allusion to a large, unicuspid, acanthoid and forwards pointed tubercles on the distal end of each lobe of the proboscis on the snout.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Irrawaddy River basin in Yunnan, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56230)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Differs from all other congeners in Southeast Asia and China by having a conspicuous, quadrate and forwards pointed proboscis reflected downwards against the snout and anteriorly bilobed with one large, unicuspid and acanthoid tubercle on the distal end of each lobe, and a combination of the following characters: snout with a deep groove across its tip to form a transverse lobe; 34-35 lateral line scales; 16 circumpeduncular scales; a small mental disc (length 38.1-43.8% HL); an anterior position of anus (anus to anal distance 25.9-30.6% of pelvic to anal distance); a slightly pointed snout (Ref. 56230).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zhang, E., 2005. Garra bispinosa, a new species of cyprinid fish (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) from Yunnan, Southwest China. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):9-15. (Ref. 56230)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00295 - 0.01623), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .