Garra jamila : fisheries

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Garra jamila Moritz, Straube & Neumann 2019

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Garra jamila
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).;  jamila: Named after the Arabian word "jamila", meaning "beautiful", in reference to its bright colouration on body and fins of this pretty fish; a Latinised adjective (Ref. 122047).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Atbara River, tributary of Nile River, in Sudan (Ref. 122047).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122047)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 35 - 37. Diagnosis: Garra jamila differs from all other African Garra species, except G. napata and G. ethelwynnae, in an asquamate area along the dorsum which exceeds well beyond the dorsal fin insertion and laterally onto flanks and thus accounting for an incomplete scale row count of only 2 to 2.5 scales between dorsal fin insertion and the lateral line vs. 3 or more scales (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. ethelwynnae from the Damas River basin in Eritrea by: an asquamate postpelvic area vs. squamate, and more scales in lateral line, 34-38 vs. 32-34 (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. napata from the Main Nile basin by its well-developed disc, type C, with prominent free posterior flap vs. intermediate, type B, with very small or absent posterior flap; crenate upper lip vs. smooth; its vivid red colouration of the distal end of the anal fin when alive vs. anal fin lacking any red colours; a small dark humeral spot usually as large or smaller than the red postopercular spot vs. humeral spot twice as large as postopercular spot; fixed specimens with very dark blackish to brown colouration on back ad contrasting light belly vs. entire body grey beige (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. vinciguerrae by a naked predorsal area that exceeds laterally beyond dorsal fin vs. at least single, irregular predorsal scales present on nape; middle of dorsal fin membrane with prominent dark horizontal band vs. no such band; from G. sannarensis by its well-developed disc, type C, vs. intermediate, type B disc, and posterior disc flap rounded and of equal width vs. caudally slightly extended, oval shaped flap with bulky middle; from G. sp. "White Nile" in having prominent stout short barbels, not reaching onto lower lip pad when flexed inwards vas. barbels nearly touching each other when flexed inwards (Ref. 122047).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Moritz, T., N. Straube and D. Neumann, 2019. The Garra species (Cyprinidae) of the Main Nile basin with description of three new species. Cybium 43(4):311-329. (Ref. 122047)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00398 - 0.02092), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .