Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; jamila: Named after the Arabian word "jamila", meaning "beautiful", in reference to its bright colouration on body and fins of this pretty fish; a Latinised adjective (Ref. 122047).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: Atbara River, tributary of Nile River, in Sudan (Ref. 122047).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122047)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 35 - 37. Diagnosis: Garra jamila differs from all other African Garra species, except G. napata and G. ethelwynnae, in an asquamate area along the dorsum which exceeds well beyond the dorsal fin insertion and laterally onto flanks and thus accounting for an incomplete scale row count of only 2 to 2.5 scales between dorsal fin insertion and the lateral line vs. 3 or more scales (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. ethelwynnae from the Damas River basin in Eritrea by: an asquamate postpelvic area vs. squamate, and more scales in lateral line, 34-38 vs. 32-34 (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. napata from the Main Nile basin by its well-developed disc, type C, with prominent free posterior flap vs. intermediate, type B, with very small or absent posterior flap; crenate upper lip vs. smooth; its vivid red colouration of the distal end of the anal fin when alive vs. anal fin lacking any red colours; a small dark humeral spot usually as large or smaller than the red postopercular spot vs. humeral spot twice as large as postopercular spot; fixed specimens with very dark blackish to brown colouration on back ad contrasting light belly vs. entire body grey beige (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. vinciguerrae by a naked predorsal area that exceeds laterally beyond dorsal fin vs. at least single, irregular predorsal scales present on nape; middle of dorsal fin membrane with prominent dark horizontal band vs. no such band; from G. sannarensis by its well-developed disc, type C, vs. intermediate, type B disc, and posterior disc flap rounded and of equal width vs. caudally slightly extended, oval shaped flap with bulky middle; from G. sp. "White Nile" in having prominent stout short barbels, not reaching onto lower lip pad when flexed inwards vas. barbels nearly touching each other when flexed inwards (Ref. 122047).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moritz, T., N. Straube and D. Neumann, 2019. The Garra species (Cyprinidae) of the Main Nile basin with description of three new species. Cybium 43(4):311-329. (Ref. 122047)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00398 - 0.02092), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .