Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; tashanensis: An adjective derived from Tashan region. The Tashan Cave, the type locality of the new species, is found in this region.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 17°C - ? (Ref. 115529)
Asia: Tashan Cave, Tigris River drainage in Iran.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115529)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 10. Garra tashanensis is distinguished from all other congeners by the absence of pigment and eyes (vs. presence of eyes and pigments in all epigean species), by having a round mental disc (vs. absence of mental disc in G. typhlops; elliptical mental disc in G. lorestanensis), two pairs of barbels (vs. three pairs of barbels in the subterranean loaches, E. smithi and E. proudlovei; and one pair of barbels in G. variabilis), rostral cap well-developed (rostral cap poorly developed in G. lorestanensis), and rare scales on anterior body (vs. body fully covered by scales or scales restricted to lateral midline in G. widdowsoni; naked body in G. lorestanensis) (Ref. 115529).
Inhabits subterranean limestone cave (Ref. 115529).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mousavi-Sabet, H., S. Vatandoust, Y. Fatemi and S. Eagderi, 2016. Tashan Cave a new cave fish locality for Iran; and Garra tashanensis, a new blind species from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa, 1(3):133-148. (Ref. 115529)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00353 - 0.01961), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .