Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37025); max. published weight: 4.3 kg (Ref. 79585)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from the other species of H. lacerdae group in having 6-8 pores of the laterosensory system along the ventral surface of dentary (vs. 4-6 in H. brasiliensis and H. intermedius, always 5 in H. australis and 4 in H. curupira); 43-48 scales along lateral line (vs. 38-43 H. brasiliensis and 34-39 in H. curupira) (Ref. 81195).
South America: Ribeira de Iguape River basin in São Paulo and Paraná, Brazil.
Piscivorous (Ref. 79585).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oyakawa, O.T. and G.M.T. Mattox, 2009. Revision of the Neotropical trahiras of the Hoplias lacerdae species-group (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Erythrinidae) with descriptions of two new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(2):117-140. (Ref. 81195)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5003 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00226 - 0.01277), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .