Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.2; dH range: ? - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39031)
South America: east and northeast Guiana Shield rivers.
Prefers lentic waters where the river banks are steep. Feeds on the leaves of river plants. During the short rainy season, a third of its diet consists of flowers and seeds which they find in the flood zones of the forest (Ref. 12225). The small larvae are zooplanktivores. Reproduction is asynchronous and lasts year round. However, spawning frequency is clearly higher during the rainy season. Is a likely candidate for fish breeding studies (Ref. 27188).
Jégu, M., 2003. Serrasalminae (Pacus and piranhas). p. 182-196. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Aquaculture: likely future use
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02040 (0.00854 - 0.04874), b=3.08 (2.87 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .