Ecology of Trachurus trachurus
 
Main Ref. Sparholt, H., 1990
Remarks Forms large schools in coastal areas with sandy substrate. Feeds on fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Utilized fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; can be fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Divided into two stocks: West stock and North Sea stock. West stock spawns in a belt from the Biscay to Ireland in early spring, migrates north and eastwards to southern Norway and northern North Sea.

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Trachurus trachurus may be found.

Habitat

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Sparholt, H., 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Sparholt, H., 1990

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.71 0.03 3.57 0.52 Troph of juv./adults from 500 studies.
From individual food items 4.18 0.82 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Olaso, I., O. Cendrero and P. Abaunza, 1998
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 11.28.96
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 08.10.07
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