Ecology of Nelusetta ayraud
Main Ref. Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993
Remarks Ocean jackets are found from very shallow water (2 m) to water as deep as 200 m. There is a tendency for their average size to increase with waters depth (Ref. 30465). Juvenile ocean jackets have been caught in seagrass, over bare sand and on rocky reefs (Ref. 6390). Adults however, tend to be absent from seagrass areas (Ref. 6390). In northern New South Wales, ocean jackets are occasionally present in reef areas, but in South Australian waters, they are common over sand and 'coral' (bryozoans - Ectoprocta) sea beds (Ref. 6390). Seasonal migration in South Australia appears to be associated with spawning: movement is predominantly to the west prior to spawning, and to the east just after spawning (Ref. 6390). Tagging studies conducted in this region have recorded movements by individual ocean jackets of up to 350 nautical miles along the continental shelf over a 12 month period (Ref. 6390). In South Australian waters, the generally south-westerly direction of winter surface currents in the eastern Great Australian Bight possibly facilitates the inshore movement of ocean jacket larvae from the offshore spawning areas. Juvenile ocean jackets averaging 12 cm TL first appear in the gulfs and sheltered bays and inshore coastal waters in November, ie at approximately 6 months of age (Ref. 30466). In May and June, when they are about 1-year-old, young ocean jackets begin to move out of inshore areas to more open waters up to about 60 m depth. This general offshore migration continues with age, such that older fish inhabit the deepest waters at the edge of the continental shelf (Ref. 6390).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Nelusetta ayraud may be found.


Substrate Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.71 0.60 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 06.08.99
Modified by Luna, Susan M. on 03.09.00
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