Ecology of Micropterus salmoides
Main Ref. Turner, J.L., 1966
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Micropterus salmoides may be found.
Remarks Inhabit streams and lakes (Ref. 10294). Survive in the cool areas of some highland dams where they were introduced as sporting fish (Ref. 4967). Introduced in Europe since 1883. Prefer warm waters of 27°C (Ref. 11273) and occur in small shallow lakes (maximum depth of 6 m) or in shallow bays of big lakes. Rarely found in big rivers (Ref. 11243). Juveniles feed mainly on invertebrates, plankton and insect larvae (Ref. 10294, 11243); individuals from 5 cm TL become almost exclusively piscivores but also feed on frogs and some crustaceans. These are dusk and dawn feeders, feeding in schools chasing their prey near the surface and in zones with vegetation. Feeding slows down in winter and during spawning (Ref. 11243). Preyed upon by herons, bitterns, and kingfishers (Ref. 1998).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref. Halwart, M. and M.V. Gupta, 2004


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Turner, J.L., 1966
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Turner, J.L., 1966
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.84 0.40 3.86 0.63 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Turner, J.L., 1966
From individual food items 4.42 1.06 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 11.10.92
Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen on 11.16.07
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