Ecology of Pseudopleuronectes americanus
Main Ref. Langton, R.W. and R.E. Bowman, 1981
Remarks It is preyed upon by monkfish, dogfish, sea raven, harbor, harp and grey seals. Parasites of the species include 6 protozoans, 2 myxosporidians, 13 trematodes, 2 cestodes, 7 nematodes, 3 acanthocephalans, 2 brachiurans and 1 copepod (Ref. 5951).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pseudopleuronectes americanus may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Langton, R.W. and R.E. Bowman, 1981
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Langton, R.W. and R.E. Bowman, 1981
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.62 0.08 2.84 0.34 Troph of juv./adults from 5 studies.
From individual food items 3.08 0.54 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Hacunda, J.S., 1981
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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