Ecology of Monacanthus chinensis
Main Ref. Bell, J.D., J.J. Burchmore and D.A. Pollard, 1978

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Monacanthus chinensis may be found.


Substrate Soft Bottom: sand;
Substrate Ref. Travers, M.J. and I.C. Potter, 2002
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type Ref. Bell, J.D., J.J. Burchmore and D.A. Pollard, 1978
Feeding habit grazing on aquatic plants
Feeding habit Ref. Bell, J.D., J.J. Burchmore and D.A. Pollard, 1978

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.36 0.14 2.62 0.29 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
From individual food items
Ref. Conacher, M.J., W.J.R. Lanzing and A.W.D. Larkum, 1979
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 09.19.97
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 09.05.07
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