Anchoa cubana (Poey, 1868)
Cuban anchovy
Anchoa cubana
photo by FAO

Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Engraulinae
Max. size:  10 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; marine; depth range 0 - 60 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA to northern Gulf of Mexico; Cuba and probably throughout the Greater and Lesser Antilles; Yucatan, Mexico to at least Santos, Brazil.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 16-21. Snout pointed about 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla long, tip pointed, projecting at least 1/2 eye diameter beyond second supra-maxilla, reaching beyond hind border of pre-operculum; gill cover canals of walkeri-type. Anal fin origin below midpoint of dorsal fin base; anus nearer to pelvic fin tips than to anal fin origin. Silver stripe along flank, about pupil diameter, lost on preservation.
Biology:  Occurs in coastal waters, forming dense schools along beaches in water of 1 m or less.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 24 August 2012 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 15.07.13
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 09.07.94

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