Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
Red Sea soldierbream
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Family:  Sparidae (Porgies)
Max. size:  20.7 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range 100 - 400 m
Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean, Red and possibly Gulf of Aden.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8; Vertebrae: 24-24. This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following set of characters: body deep, becoming compressed and slender with growth; D XII,10; the first 2 dorsal-fin spines are rudimentary (2 dorsal-fin spines on 1st dorsal pterygiophore), 3DFS longest (1.0-1.3, mean 1.2, in 3DFS/4DFS), third spine not reaching beyond first soft dorsal-fin ray origin, and less than head length; orbit diameter is subequal to suborbital depth. Colouration: body uniform pink with belly silvery and chin white, all fins pink. This species is often being confused with A. filamentosus and juveniles of A. spinifer; but it differs by having red spinous dorsal-fin rays (vs. yellow orange in true A. filamentosus from South Africa and Mozambique); also the third spinous dorsal-fin spine is longest (vs. third and fourth spines very elongate in A. filamentous and longest in A. spinifer) (Ref. 124569).
Biology:  Usually caught on reefs, and feeds on benthic organisms and according to D. Golani (HUJF), this species is collected in deeper waters at 100-400 m (Ref. 124569).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 30 March 2011 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 22.09.03
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 06.08.21

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