Channomuraena vittata (Richardson, 1845)
Broadbanded moray
photo by Wirtz, P.

Family:  Muraenidae (Moray eels), subfamily: Uropterygiinae
Max. size:  150 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 - 100 m
Distribution:  Circumtropical. Indian Ocean: Reunion and Mauritius (Ref. 33390) and Christmas Island. Western Pacific: Palau, and the Hawaiian Islands. Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Bahamas, and Caribbean Sea; may occur in southern Florida, USA and northwestern Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 7251). Reported from Bahia, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Atlantic: around oceanic islands.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0. The small cranium, anterior position of the eyes, and enlarged lower jaw are unique (Ref 1602) Description: Characterized by alternating bands of black and white on body; relatively pointed head; multiple rows of jaw teeth (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  A benthic species and solitary species (Ref. 26340) inhabiting outer reef slopes. Occurs under ledges and in holes of reef slopes (Ref. 37816). Has the habit of puffing its head like a cobra when approached (Ref. 37816). Secretive and nocturnal (Ref. 48635). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 16 August 2011 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 07.02.13
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 30.03.98

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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