Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin, 1901)
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Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Smiliogastrinae
Max. size:  11 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater,
Distribution:  Africa: present in the Ogowe, Ntem and Nyong Rivers (Ref. 81639). In the middle Congo River basin known from the Sangha, Ubangi, Tshuapa and from the lower Lomami to the lower Lualaba (Ref. 26765).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Diagnosis: Mouth subinferior; barbels absent; lateral line complete; 24-28 scales in lateral line; 12 circumpeduncular scales; no spots on sides; tip of dorsal fin black (Ref. 81639). Description: Medium-sized; pit-lines on head in lateral lines or bifurcated (Ref. 81639). No barbels (Ref. 122753). Dorsal fin with 3-4 unbranched and 7-8 branched rays; anal fin with 3 unbranched and 5 branched rays; pectoral fin with 16-17 rays; pelvic fin with 9-10 rays; dorsal fin border concave, last simple ray flexible, smooth, measuring 1.31 times head length or less (Ref. 81639). Scales with radial striae; 3.5 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin origin; 3.5 scales between lateral line and mid-belly; 2-2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin insertion (Ref. 81639). Colouration: Ground colour silver grey dorsally, silvery on flanks and belly; scales bordered with dark margin; unpaired fins orange-yellow, anterior rays of dorsal fin black, anal and pelvic fins clear, first rays of pectoral fins slightly grey (Ref. 81639).
Biology:  Occurs over sandy-muddy substrates near aquatic vegetation composed mainly of the water hyacinth Eichornia crassipes and reed; also occurs over rocks without vegetation (Ref. 27625).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 16 February 2009 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 22.06.94
Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 31.01.14

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