Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810
Blackmouth catshark
Galeus melastomus
photo by Svensen, R.

Family:  Pentanchidae (Deepwater catsharks)
Max. size:  75 cm TL (male/unsexed); 90 cm TL (female); max.weight: 1,370.0 g
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range 55 - 1873 m
Distribution:  Northeast Atlantic: Faeroe Islands and Trondheim, Norway southward to Senegal. Mediterranean Sea.
Biology:  Depth range is reported at 55m-1200m in Ref. 9996. Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds mainly on bottom invertebrates, including shrimps and cephalopods, but also on small pelagic bony fishes (lanternfishes) and other small elasmobranchs. Oviparous, with up to 13 eggs present in the oviducts at one time. Individuals from the Ionian Sea apparently reproduces from end of February to September and eggs are laid between 200 and 600 meters (Ref. 87978). Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption, and for leather.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 October 2003 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Carpenter, Kent E. - 15.06.92
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 04.09.19
Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 22.03.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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