Lipogenys gillii Goode & Bean, 1895
Lipogenys gillii
photo by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada

Family:  Notacanthidae (Deep-sea spiny eels)
Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  bathydemersal; marine; depth range 400 - 2000 m
Distribution:  Northwest Atlantic: Nova Scotia and Hudson Canyon (Ref. 37108). Southwest Pacific: Australia (Ref. 75154).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 6-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4-5; Anal spines: 44-58; Anal soft rays: 67-88; Vertebrae: 228-234. Tail slender and tapering to a point. Mouth inferior, small and sucker-like; upper lip with thick, pleated folds; posterior end of maxilla bent sharply downward, forming a flap-like structure; fleshy papillae on snout bordering upper lip. Teeth absent. Dorsal fin short-based, located above anus, the first 4-6 rays hard and spinous, increasing in length from front to back, the remainder soft and segmented, membrane connecting all rays except for first I-III spines. Anal fin long, extending from just behind anus to tip of tail, anterior rays spinous, posterior rays segmented, the transition gradual. Caudal fin absent (Ref. 11041). Light brown, lining of gill chamber and rim of opercular branchiostegal flap dark brown, mouth and lining of buccal cavity light yellowish tan (Ref. 37108).
Biology:  Feed mostly on organic material contained in bottom sediment drawn up by the sucker-like mouth [RF doubts this is a detritus feeder; the elaborate mouth without teeth looks like a specialization for extracting soft-bodied benthic invertebrates out of the ground; also, there are no gill rakers to filter detritus (Ref. 50674)]. No obvious sexual dimorphism; a female of 37.5 cm SL was still immature (Ref. 50674).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 02.07.91
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 27.02.14
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 13.06.94

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