Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch, 1788
Snubnosed spiny eel
Notacanthus chemnitzii
photo by Román Marcote, E.

Family:  Notacanthidae (Deep-sea spiny eels)
Max. size:  120 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; marine; depth range 125 - 3285 m
Distribution:  Worldwide except in tropical waters (Ref. 27363). North Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Cape Blanc, Mauritania north to Davis Strait, Canada and Iceland. South Atlantic: off South Africa. Southeast Pacific: off Chile. Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia (Ref. 7300). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 5-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 2-2; Anal spines: 14-17; Anal soft rays: 125-145; Vertebrae: 225-239. Presence of palatine and dentary teeth in two or more rows. Numerous dorsal spines. Small specimens are pale tan or pale bluish gray, large specimens are dark brown (Ref. 37108).
Biology:  Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302) and epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Not uncommon in depths around 180 m off Iceland and Greenland. Individuals with nearly ripe eggs have been found in late autumn off Iceland. Mostly found at depths well below 200 m, but enters slightly shallower water on Grand Banks in Canada (Ref. 7251). Feeds primarily on sea anemones (Ref. 4449).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 14 March 2011 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Jansalin, Jeremiah Glenn - 06.12.18
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 27.01.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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