Luxilus chrysocephalus Rafinesque, 1820
Striped shiner
Striped shiner
Luxilus chrysocephalus
photo by Cornwall, J.D.

Family:  Leuciscidae (Minnows), subfamily: Pogonichthyinae
Max. size:  24 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 4 years
Environment:  demersal; freshwater
Distribution:  North America: Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from western New York and Wisconsin, south to Alabama, Louisiana and eastern Texas, USA; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama, to Sabine River in Louisiana, USA. Introduced to Escambia River system in Florida and Alabama.
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Inhabits rocky pools near riffles in clear to fairly turbid creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798). Feeds on terrestrial insects, filamentous and unicellular algae, and a variety of aquatic invertebrate often dominated by mayfly nymphs (Ref. 10294). Oviparous (Ref. 205), nest spawners (Ref. 52559).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 March 2012 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Known from the Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from western New York and Wisconsin, south to Alabama, Louisiana and eastern Texas, USA; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama, to Sabine River in Louisiana, USA. Introduced to Escambia River system in Florida and Alabama (Ref. 86798). Common to abundant (Ref. 86798); abundant in northern part of the range, common in the southern part (Ref. 5723). Recorded from the southern Great Lakes drainage and in eastern Mississippi River tributaries from northern Illinois south through the Ohio, Cumberland, and Tennessee drainages, and in the upper Mobile Basin; also found in western Mississippi River tributaries from northeastern Missouri south through the White and middle Arkansas river systems of Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma (Ref. 10294).

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 06.08.16
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 14.05.94

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