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References using Epinephelus drummondhayi
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 37
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
003090  Manooch, C.S. III,1987 Age and growth of snappers and groupers. p. 329-373. In J.J. Polovina and S. Ralston (eds.) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resour. Mar. Policy Ser. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder and London.
003094  Matheson, R.H. III and G.R. Huntsman,1984 Growth, mortality, and yield-per-recruit models for speckled hind and snowy grouper from the United States, South Atlantic Bight. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 113(5):607-616.
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
003708  Smith, C.L.,1978 Serranidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 4. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 142;fig.293;pl.12b,c
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 133
009404  Dauzat, A., J. Dubois and H. Mitterand,1989 Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique et historique. Librairie Larousse (Canada), 805 p. 356
011853  Rey, A. and J. Rey-Debove (eds.),1989 Le Petit Robert: Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française. Vol. 1. Les Dictionnaires Le Robert, Paris, 2172 p. 894,1186
012255  Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.),1996 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 17
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
036508  Hilton-Taylor, C.,2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
051229  Heemstra, P.C., W.D. Anderson and P.S. Lobel,2003 Serranidae. Groupers (seabasses, creolefish, coney, hinds, hamlets, anthiines, and soapfishes). p. 1308-1369. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae).
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 127
055244  Craig, M.T., D.J. Pondella II, J.P.C. Franck and J.C. Hafner,2001 On the status of the serranid fish genus Epinephelus: evidence for paraphyly based upon 16S rDNA sequence. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 19(1):121-130. 123-124
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078464  McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm,2005 Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 2. Austin : University of Texas Press. viii+1004p. 143
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 127
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
093919  Andrews, A.H., B.K. Barnett, R.J. Allman, R.P. Moyer and H.D. Trowbridge,2013 Great longevity of speckled hind (Epinephelus drummondhayi), a deep-water grouper, with novel use of postbomb radiocarbon dating in the Gulf of Mexico. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 70(8):1131-1140.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105859  Ziskin, G.L., P.J. Harris, D.M. Wyanski and M.J.M. Reichert,2011 Indications of continued overexploitation of speckled hind along the Atlantic Coast of the southeastern United States. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 140: 384-398.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118580  SCRFA, Science and Conservation of Fish Aggregations,2018 SCRFA database. Web online database. SCRFA. [2013-onwards].
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