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References using Syngnathus typhle
Ref No. Description Page
000038  Froese, R. and C. Papasissi,1990 The use of modern relational databases for identification of fish larvae. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 6(1):37-45.
000039  Halbeisen, H.-W.,1988 Bestimmungsschlüssel für Fischlarven der Nordsee und angrenzender Gebiete. Ber. Inst. Meeresk. Nr. 178.
000041  Ehrenbaum, E.,1905 Eier und Larven von Fischen. p. 1-414. In Nordisches Plankton 1. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel-Leipzig.
000065  Bertolini, F., U. D'Ancona, E. Padoa Montalenti, S. Ranzi, L. Sanzo, A. Sparta, E. Tortonese and M. Vialli,1956 Uova, larve e stadi giovanili di Teleostei. Fauna Flora Golfo Napoli Monogr. 38:1-1064.
000173  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlström,1974 Collins guide to the sea fishes of Britain and North-Western Europe. Collins, London, UK. 244 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 646-647
000312  Pauly, D.,1978 A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.
000897  Svetovidov, A.N.,1964 Handbook of the fauna of the USSR, fishes of the Black Sea. Izdatel'stvo Nauka, Moscow, 550 p.
000982  Worthmann, H.,1975 Das Makrobenthos und Fischbesiedlung in verschiedenen Flachwassergebieten der Kieler Bucht (Westl. Ostsee). Kiel University. 141 p. Thesis.
001652  Linnaeus, C.,1758 Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 p. 336
001836  Pauly, D.,1979 Gill size and temperature as governing factors in fish growth: a generalization of von Bertalanffy's growth formula. Berichte des Instituts für Meereskunde an der Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel, (63). 156 p.
004509  Dawson, C.E.,1990 Syngnathidae. p. 658-664. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. 664
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004645  Muus, B. and P. Dahlström,1978 Meeresfische der Ostsee, der Nordsee, des Atlantiks. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München. 244 p.
004944  Moreira, F., C.A. Assis, P.R. Almeida, J.L. Costa and M.J. Costa,1992 Trophic relationships in the community of the Upper Tagus Estuary (Portugal: a preliminary approach. Estuar. Coast. Shelf-Sci. 34:617-623.
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p.
006114  Koli, L.,1990 Suomen kalat. [Fishes of Finland]. Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö. Helsinki. 357 p. (in Finnish).
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006733  Dawson, C.E.,1986 Syngnathidae. p. 628-639. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 2. Unesco, Paris. 638
007501  Wheeler, A.,1979 Syngnathidae. p. 274-279. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 276
009057  Economidis, P.S.,1973 Catalogue of the fishes of Greece. Reprinted from Hellenic Oceanology and Limnology, Praktika of the Inst. of Ocean. and Fishing Research, vol. 11 (1972).
012302  Rass, T.S.,1987 Present status of the composition of the Black Sea ichthyofauna. J. Ichthyol. 27(3):64-72. 65
013696  Kottelat, M.,1997 European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation. Biologia, Bratislava, 52/Suppl. 5:1-271. 168
013729  Amori, G., F.M. Angelici, S. Frugis, G. Gandolfi, R. Groppali, B. Lanza, G. Relini and G. Vicini,1993 Vertebrata. In A. Minelli, S. Ruffo and S. La Posta (eds.) Checklist delle specie della fauna Italiana, 110. Calderini, Bologna, 83 p.
026335  Costa, F.,1991 Atlante dei pesci dei mari italiani. Gruppo Ugo Mursia Editore S.p.A. Milano, Italy. 438 p. 204-205
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 76
029096  Arias, A. and P. Drake,1990 Estados juveniles de la ictiofauna en las caños de las salinas de la bahia de Cadiz. Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucia. CSIC.
030402  Kullander, S.O.,1999 Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History., 25 May 1999.
030915  Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall,1999 Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. 15-21
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033247  Anonymous,1999 Systematic list of Estonian fishes. World Wide Web Electronic Publication, 14 January 2000.
033337  Anonymous,2000 Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997. 10
033798  Soljan, T.,1975 I pesci dell'Adriatico. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Verona, Italy.
033971  Lanfranco, G.G.,1996 The fish around Malta (Central Mediterranean). Progress Press Co. Ltd. (Malta). 132 p. 22
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
036252  Winkler, H.M., K. Skora, R. Repecka, M. Ploks, A. Neelov, L. Urho, A. Gushin and H. Jespersen,2000 Checklist and status of fish species in the Baltic Sea. ICES CM 2000/Mini:11, 15 p.
036372  Dolgov, A.V.,2000 New data on composition and distribution of the Barents Sea ichthyofauna. ICES CM2000/Mini:12, 12p. 10
037661  De Gee, A. and A.H. Kikkert,1993 Analysis of the grey gurnard (Eutrigla gurnardus) samples collected during the 1991 International Stomach Sampling Project. ICES C.M. 1993/G:14. 25 p. 25
038302  Laffaille, P., E. Feunteun and J.C. Lefeuvre,2000 Composition of fish communities in a European macrotidal salt marsh (the Mont Saint-Michel Bay, France). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 51(4):429-438. 432
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
040942  Østergaard, T.A.S.,2002 List of marine fishes and common names. Personal communication (ID #575).
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041893  Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien,1983 Fish fauna of French Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows. 2. Feeding habits. Tethys 11, 1-14.
043202  Andriyashev, A.P. and N.V. Chernova,1995 Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the Arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123. 105
045043  Bogutskaya, N.G.,2002 Common names of Russian freshwater fishes. Spreadsheet with cyrillic names made available for inclusion in FishBase. Unpublished.
045714  Salekhova, L.P., N.S. Kostenko, T.A. Bogachick and O.N. Minibaeva,1988 Composition of ichthyofauna in the region of the Karadag State Reserve (Black Sea). J. Ichthyol. 28(2):16-23. 18
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 82
048657  Papaconstantinou, C.,1988 Check-list of marine fishes of Greece. Fauna Graeciae IV, 257 p. 74
050345  Quignard, J.P. and J.A. Tomasini,2000 Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 7(3):1-66. 51
050359  Anonymous,1994 Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd. 22
050675  Louisy, P.,2001 Guide d'identification des poissons marins. Europe et Méditerranée. Paris: Eds. Eugène Ulmer. 369
050933  Valle, C., J.T. Bayle and A.A. Ramos,2003 Weight-length relationships for selected fish species of the western Mediterannean Sea. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 19:261-262. 261
052079  Ojaveer, E. and E. Pihu,2003 Estonian natural fish waters. p. 15-27. In E. Ojaveer, E. Pihu and T. Saat (eds.) Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 18
052093  Ojaveer, E., E. Pihu and T. Saat,2003 Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 416 p. 285
053335  Avise, J.C., A.G. Jones, D. Walker, J.A. DeWoody, B. Dakin, A. Fiumera, D. Fletcher, M. Mackiwicz, D. Pearse, B. Porter and S.D. Wilkins,2002 Genetic mating systems and reproductive natural histories of fishes: lessons for ecology and evolution. Annu. Rev. Genet. 36:19-45. 25
055893  Plikss, M.,2002 Fish of Latvia. Accessed 24/11/05.
056616  Iacob, L. and I. Dima,2006 Regnul Animalia. Eukarya. Enciclopedia Florei si Faunei din Romania.
057747  Ecomarg Project,2006 Biodiversity: Cantabrian Sea, Galician Shelf and Le Danois Bank. Ecomarg Project (
057855  Bilecenoglu, M., Taskavak E., S. Mater and M. Kaya,2002 Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa (113):1-194. 67
057922  Mercader, L., D. Lloris and J. Rucabado,2003 Tots els peixos del mar Catala. Diagnosis I claus d'identifucació. Institut D'estudis Catalans. Barcelona. 350p.
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058296  Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka,2002 REGIONAL CHECK-LISTS: Kuban River Drainage Area. In Website and Database: "Freshwater Fishes of Russia": A Source of Information on the Current State of the Fauna. Zoological Institute RAS.
058342  Fricke, R., M. Bilecenoglu and H.M. Sari,2007 Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostoma and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Sea A (706):1-172. 125
058723  Plejic, T.,2007 Fische der Adria. Das romanische Element in der kroatischen Ichthyofauna. Mit Glossar der Adriafische Kroatisch-Englisch-Deutsch-Italienisch. Diploma Thesis. University of Leipzig Institute of Applied Linguistics and Translational Studies.
059043  Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof,2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. 500
072413  Gurkan, S. and E. Taskavak,2007 Length-weight relationships for syngnathid fishes of the Aegean Sea, Turkey. Belgian J. Zool. 137(2):219-222. 220
074833  Koutrakis, E.T., A.K. Kokkinakis, E.A. Eleftheriadis and M.D. Argyropoulou,2000 Seasonal changes in distribution and abundance of the fish fauna in the two estuarine systems of Strymonikos Gulf (Macedonia, Greece). Belgian J. Zool. 130:41-48. 43
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
079568  Sapota, M.R. and K.E. Skóra,2005 Spread of alien (non-indigenous) fish species Neogobius melanostomus in the Gulf of Gdansk (south Baltic). Biological Invasions (2005) 7:157-164. 164
080786  Rogers, S.I. and R.S. Millner,1996 Factors affecting the annual abundance and regional distribution of English inshore demersal fish populations: 1973 to 1995. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53:1094-1112. 1100
082151  Klenz, B.,2003 Fischarten der westlichen Ostsee - Untersuchungen von 2000 bis 2002 (Fish species in the western Baltic Sea - Surveys from 2000 to 2002). Inf. Fischwirtsch. Fischereiforsch. 50(3), 2003: 122-125. 124
083428  Dhora, Dh.,2010 Regjistër I specieve të faunës së Shqipërisë 2010. Shkodër: Camaj-Pipa. 208 p. 151
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
086578  Bañon, R., D. Villegas-Ríos, A. Serrano, G. Mucientes and J.C. Arronte,2010 Marine fishes from Galicia (NW Spain): an updated checklist. Zootaxa 2667:1-27. 13
087029  Dhora, Dh.,2008 Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor - Shqip - Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names - Albanian - English). Camaj - Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
091093  Gurkan, S., B. Bayhan, S. Can Akcinar and E. Taskavak,2010 Length-weight relationship of fish from shallow waters of Cadarli Bay (North Aegean Sea, Turkey). Pakistan J. Zool. 42(4):495-498. 496
094543  Miniconi, R. and Parc naturel régional de la Corse,1980 Parc naturel régional de Corse : poissons de Corse et de Méditerranée. Ajaccio: Parc naturel régional de la Corse; [Clermont-Ferrand] : Atelier de recherche des parcs pour l'expression graphique et l'édition, 116 p. 45
094846  Liousia, V., S. Batziakas, N. Panagiotou, I. Daouti, E. Koutrakis and I.D. Leonardos,2012 Length-weight relations of 22 fish species from the littoral zone of the Eastern Ionian Sea, Greece. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 42(1):69-72. 70
095489  Goren, M.,2014 The fishes of the Mediterranean: a biota under siege. pp. 385-400. In Goffredo, S. and Z. Dubinsky. 2014. The Mediterranean Sea: its history and present challenges. Springer Netherlands. 655 pp. 392
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095727  Lloris, D., J. Rucabado, Ll. del Cerro, F. Portas, M. Demestre and A. Roig,1984 Tots els peixos del Mar Català. I: Llistat de cites I referències. Treballs Soc. Cat. Ict. Herp. 1:1-208.
095773  Francour, P., P. Bodilis, J.M. Cottalorda and C. Seytre,2010 Inventaire des Gobiidae dans la réserve naturelle de Scandola (Corse) et à proximité de ses limites. Contrat Parc Naturel Régional de la Corse. Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, ECOMERS publ., Nice:1-54. 29
095871  Psomadakis, P.N., S. Giustino and M. Vacchi,2012 Mediterranean fish biodiversity: an updated inventory with focus on the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seas. Zootaxa 3263:1-46. 35
096325  Miniconi, R.,2011 Complément á l'inventaire des poissons des eaux de Corse (1994-2011). Biologie - Pȇche - Localisation. Edition A Barcella Ajaccio, 50 p. 47
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107743  Acarli, D., A. Kara and B. Bayhan,2014 Length-weight relations for 29 fish species from Homa lagoon, Aegean sea, Turkey. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 44(3):249-257. 251
113897  Papaconstantinou, C.,2014 Fauna Graeciae. An updated checklist of the fishes in the Hellenic seas. Monagraphs on Marine Sciences 7 85-86
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
123419  Gurkan, S. and E. Taskavak,2019 The relationships between gut length and prey preference of three pipefish (Syngnathus acus, Syngnathus typhle, Nerophis ophidion Linnaeus, 1758) species distributed in Aegean Sea, Turkey. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 18(4):1093-1100. 1906
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