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References using Epinephelus itajara
Ref No. Description Page
000029  Thompson, R. and J.L. Munro,1983 The biology, ecology and bionomics of the hinds and groupers, Serranidae. p.59-81. In J.L. Munro (ed.) Caribbean coral reef fishery resources. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 7.
000033  Randall, J.E.,1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. Miami 5:665-847.
000034  Opitz, S.,1989 pers. comm. missing.
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 400; 656-657
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 37
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
002683  Schneider, W.,1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. 106
002739  Smith, C.L.,1981 Serranidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and FAO. Vol. 4. pag. var.
003070  Séret, B. and P. Opic,1981 Poissons de mer de l'Ouest africain tropical. ORSTOM, Initiations-Documentations Techniques 49:416 p.
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
003708  Smith, C.L.,1978 Serranidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 4. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
004716  Halstead, B.W.,1980 Dangerous marine animals. Cornell Maritime Press, Inc., Maryland, U.S.A.
004787  Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra,1991 Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (20):332 p.
004841  Bullock, L.H., M.D. Murphy, M.F. Godcharles and M.E. Mitchell,1992 Age, growth, and reproduction of jewfish Epinephelus itjara in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Fish. Bull. 90:243-249.
005217  Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez,1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. 428
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 171;fig.333;pl.16b
005521  Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin,1993 Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 283
005530  Chirichigno, N.F.,1974 Clave para identificar los peces marinos del Peru. Inf. Inst. Mar Perú (44):1-387.
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 76
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006315  Zannou, L.H.,1985 Liste de quelques espèces animales des eaux marines de la République populaire du Benin. Projet des Pêche Maritime Artisanale. Direction des Pêches, Cotonou, Benin. (Manuscript, 6 p.).
006323  Crawford, R.,1993 World record game fishes 1993. The International Game Fish Association, Pompano Beach, Florida.
006808  Brito, A.,1991 Catalogo de los pesces de las Islas Canarias. Francisco Lemus, la Laguna. 230 p.
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 133
009342  Heemstra, P.C.,1995 Serranidae. Meros, serranos, guasetas, enjambres, baquetas, indios, loros, gallinas, cabrillas, garropas. p. 1565-1613. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. 1594
009404  Dauzat, A., J. Dubois and H. Mitterand,1989 Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique et historique. Librairie Larousse (Canada), 805 p. 337,
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 148.1
009761  Humann, P.,1994 Reef fish identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida. 426 p. 138-139
011853  Rey, A. and J. Rey-Debove (eds.),1989 Le Petit Robert: Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française. Vol. 1. Les Dictionnaires Le Robert, Paris, 2172 p. 1186
013442  Randall, J.E.,1996 Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. 88-9
026338  Sierra, L.M., R. Claro and O.A. Popova,1994 Alimentacion y relaciones tróficas. p. 263-284. In Rodolfo Claro (ed.) Ecología de los Peces Marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, Mexico.
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 78
026550  Anonymous,1994 Atlas pesquero de México. Instituto Nacional de la Pesca. 234 p. 70-71
026840  Jacobs, N.D.,1998 Assessment and analysis of the fisheries sector and marine coastal areas. Belize National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (UNDP/GEF-Project No. BZE/97/G31). ann.I
026912  Gines, H. and F. Cervigón,1967 Exploracion pesquera en las costas de Guyana y Surinam año 1967. Estacíon de Investigaciones Marinas de Margarita. Fundacíon La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, no. 29. 41
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 445-6
027736  Escobar-Fernández, R. and M. Siri,1997 Nombres vernáculos y científicos de los peces del Pacífico mexicano. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Sociedad Ictiológica Mexicana, A.C. Mexico. 44
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 14
030499  Greenfield, D.W. and J.E. Thomerson,1997 Fishes of the continental waters of Belize. University Press of Florida, Florida. 311 p. 17
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
035141  Pollnac, R.B.,1998 Aspects of the human ecology of the coral reefs of Discovery Bay. p. 141-199. In R.B. Pollnac (ed.) Rapid assessment of management parameters for coral reefs. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island. CMR 2205, ICLARM 1445. 183
035205  Zaneveld, J.S.,1983 Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 44
035237  Keith, P., P.-Y. Le Bail and P. Planquette,2000 Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 2, Fascicule I: Batrachoidiformes, Mugiliformes, Beloniformes, Cyprinodontiformes, Synbranchiformes, Perciformes, Pleuronectiformes, Tetraodontiformes. Collection Patrimoines Naturels 43(I): 286p. Paris: Publications scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. 84
036508  Hilton-Taylor, C.,2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
036613  Ramjohn, D.D.,2000 Trinidad and Tobago marine species. An annotated and illustrated guide. Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. 82 p. 19
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
038265  Nomura, H.,1984 Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Brasília: Editerra. 482p.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 81
040498  Béarez, P.,1996 Lista de los peces marinos del Ecuador continental. Rev. Biol. Trop. 44(2):731-741. 736
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041680  Duarte, L.O., C.B. García, I. Moreno, G. Melo, P. Navajas, N. Sandoval and D. von Schiller,1999 Atlas demográfico de los peces demersales del Golfo de Salamance, Caribe Colombiano. Dinámica poblacional, distribución, alimentación y reproducción. Digital Book (CD-ROM). Invemar-Colciencias.
042062  Brandão, J.M.,1964 Glossário de nomes dos peixes: sistemático, português, inglês. Boletim de Estudos de Pesca 4(6):1-59.
042063  Carvalho, V.A. and R.L. Branco,1977 Relação de espécies marinhas e estuarinas do nordeste brasileiro. P.D.P. Documentos Técnicos(25):60p.
042071  Szpilman, M.,2000 Peixes marinhos do Brasil: guia prático de identificação. Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Ecológico Aqualung. 288 p.
045317  Chan, T.T.C. and Y. Sadovy,2002 Reproductive biology, age and growth in the chocolate hind, Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch, 1790), in Hong Kong. Mar. Freshwat. Res. (53):791-803.
045647  Carpenter, J.S. and W.R. Nelson,1971 Fishery potential for snapper and grouper in the Caribbean area and the Guianas. In Symposium on investigations and resources of the Caribbean sea and adjacent regions. FAO 71:1-149. 21-26
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 62
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 133
050307  Martin, F.D. and J.W. Patus,1984 An annotated key to the teleost fishes of Puerto Rico. Compendio Enciclopedico de los Recursos Nat. 5:1-191. 73
051229  Heemstra, P.C., W.D. Anderson and P.S. Lobel,2003 Serranidae. Groupers (seabasses, creolefish, coney, hinds, hamlets, anthiines, and soapfishes). p. 1308-1369. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae).
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051848  Nahím, H.R. and F. Cervigón,2003 Peces del archipiélago Los Roques. Agencia Española de Cooperacíon Internacional. 304 p. 236
051849  Lasso, C.A., O.M. Lasso-Alcalá, A. Pombo and M. Smith,2004 Distribution of fish species among localities during the AquaRAP survey of the Gulf of Paria and Orinoco delta, Venezuela. p. 315-319. In Rapid assessment of the biodeiversity and social aspects of the aquatic ecosystems of the Orinoco delta and the Gulf of Paria, Venezuela. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 37. Conservation International. Washington DC, USA. 360p. 319
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 127
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 46
054734  Pinheiro, L.A. and F.L. Frédou,2004 Caracterização geral de pesca industrial desembarcada no estado do pará. Rev. Científica de UFPA Vol. 4. 6
055244  Craig, M.T., D.J. Pondella II, J.P.C. Franck and J.C. Hafner,2001 On the status of the serranid fish genus Epinephelus: evidence for paraphyly based upon 16S rDNA sequence. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 19(1):121-130. 124
055295  Florida Museum of Natural History,2005 Biological profiles: Goliath grouper. Retrieved on 26 August 2005, from Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History: Education-Biological Profiles. FLMNH, University of Florida.
056479  Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar,2004 Atlas pesquero del area norte del Mar Caribe de Colombia. Universidad del Magadalena, Santa Marta. 230 p. 180
057756  Floeter, S.R., J.L. Gasparini, L.A. Rocha, C.E.L. Ferreira, C.A. Rangel and B.M. Feitoza,2003 Brazilian reef fish fauna: checklist and remarks (updated Jan. 2003). Brazilian Reef Fish Project: 5
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058971  Erdman, D.S.,1983 Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. no. 2, second revised edition. 44 p. 7
074908  Vega-Cendejas, M.E.,2004 Ictiofauna de la reserva de la biosfera Celestún, Yucatán: una contribución al conocimiento de su biodiversidad. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Serie Zoología 75:193-206. 201
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078464  McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm,2005 Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 2. Austin : University of Texas Press. viii+1004p. 146
079080  Ayala-Pérez, L.A., J.R. Miranda and D.F. Hernández,2003 La comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos: estructura actual comparada. Rev. Biol. Trop. 51(3):783-794. 786
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
081914  Osmar, J.L. Jr., A. Carvalho-Filho, C.E.L. Ferreira, S.R. Floeter, J.L. Gasparini and I. Sazima,2008 The reef fish assemblage of the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, Southwestern Atlantic: annotated checklist with comments on abundance, distribution, trophic structure, symbiotic associations, and conservation. Zootaxa 1807:1-25.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084211  Feitoza, B.M., R.S. Rosa and L.A. Rocha,2005 Ecology and zoogeography of deep-reef fishes in Northeastern Brazil. Bull. Mar. Sci. 76(3):725-742. 732
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
089627  Craig, M.T., R.T. Graham, R.A. Torres, J.R. Hyde, M.O. Freitas, B.P. Ferreira, M. Hostim-Silva, L.C. Gerhardinger, A.A. Bertoncini and D.R. Robertson,2009 How many species of goliath grouper are there? Cryptic genetic divergence in a threatened marine fish and the resurrection of a geopolitical species. Endang Species Res 7:167-174. 173
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 162
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
098447  Wirtz, P., J. Bingeman, J. Bingeman, R. Fricke, T.J. Hook and J. Young,2017 The fishes of Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean: new records and an annotated checklist. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 97(4):783-798. 787
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
103182  Trindade-Santos, I. and K.M.F. Freire,2015 Analysis of reproductive patterns of fishes from three large marine ecosystems. Front. Mar. Sci. 2:38. 38
104121  Alves, M.I.M. and H. de H. Lima,1978 Sobre a época de desova de alguns peixes marinhos do estado do Ceará, Brasil. Bol. Ciên. Mar 30:1-7. 1-7
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107339  FAO-FIES,2016 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 15/04/2016].
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118580  SCRFA, Science and Conservation of Fish Aggregations,2018 SCRFA database. Web online database. SCRFA. [2013-onwards].
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
123526  Garcés, H. B.,2020 Lista sistemática preliminar de los peces marinos comerciales del Pacifico de Panama. Tecnociencia, 23(1):198-237. 225
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