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References using Coregonus lavaretus
Ref No. Description Page
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 119-120; 632-633
000556  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlström,1968 Süßwasserfische. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München. 224 p. 72
000593  Berg, L.S.,1962 Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1948). 379
002059  Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl,1991 Aquarien atlas. Bd. 3. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany. 1104 p. 936
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
006257  Auvinen, H.,1987 Growth, mortality and management of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. s.l.), vendace (Coregonus albula L.), roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) and perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) in Lake Pyhäjärvi (Karelia). Finn. Fish. Res. 8:38-47.
006494  Yershov, P.N. and D.L. Lajus,1993 Chromosomal variability of the anadromous whitefish Coregonus lavaretus pidschian in Keret river (White Sea). Cytology 11/12:85-96.
008973  Vasil'ev, V.P.,1980 Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 4
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009057  Economidis, P.S.,1973 Catalogue of the fishes of Greece. Reprinted from Hellenic Oceanology and Limnology, Praktika of the Inst. of Ocean. and Fishing Research, vol. 11 (1972).
010256  Eckmann, R., U. Gaedke and H.J. Wetzlar,1988 Effects of climatic and density-dependent factors on year-class strength of Coregonus lavaretus in Lake Constance. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45:1088-1093.
010937  Anonymous,1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
011063  Myers, R.A., J. Bridson and N.J. Barrowman,1995 Summary of worldwide spawner and recruitment data. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2024. 274 p.
012108  Garibaldi, L.,1996 List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p. 7
012204  Coad, B.W.,1995 Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. Singapore. 11
012255  Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.),1996 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.
012513  Rab, P. and M. Jankun,1992 Chromosome studies of Coregonine fishes: a review. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):523-532.
012514  Partti-Pellinen, K., K. Elo, T.K. Palva, P. Tuunainen and M.O.K. Hakumäki,1992 Restriction fragment length polymorphism in mitochondrial DNA stocks of Coregonus in Finland. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):541-549.
012818  Anonymous,1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
013364  Lever, C.,1996 Naturalized fishes of the world. Academic Press, California, USA. 408 p. 66
013377  Huusko, A. and T. Sutela,1992 Fish predation on vendace (Coregonus albula L.) larvae in Lake Lentua, Northern Finland. p. 381-391. In T.N. Todd and M. Luczynski (eds.) Biology and Management of Coregonid Fishes 1990, 39(3-4). 384
013388  Turunen, T. and M. Viljanen,1988 Biology of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.) in Lake Suomunjärvi, Eastern Finland. Finnish Fish. Res. 9:191-195. 191-195
013696  Kottelat, M.,1997 European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation. Biologia, Bratislava, 52/Suppl. 5:1-271. 104-105
013729  Amori, G., F.M. Angelici, S. Frugis, G. Gandolfi, R. Groppali, B. Lanza, G. Relini and G. Vicini,1993 Vertebrata. In A. Minelli, S. Ruffo and S. La Posta (eds.) Checklist delle specie della fauna Italiana, 110. Calderini, Bologna, 83 p.
026213  McDowall, R.M.,1988 Diadromy in fishes: migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croom Helm, London. 291
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026334  Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva and L.I. Sokolov,1997 An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9):687-736. 695
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 50
026861  FAO-FIDI,1997 FAO standard common names and scientific names of commercial species (in alphabetic order). The Senior Fishery Statistician, FIDI, FAO, Rome, Italy. 136 p. 8
027118  Gandolfi, G., S. Zerunian, P. Torricelli and A. Marconato (eds.),1991 I pesci delle acque interne italiane. Ministero dell'Ambiente e Unione Zoologica Italiana. Instituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma. 616 p.
027610  Kleanthidis, P.K., A.I. Sinis and K.I. Stergiou,1999 Length-weight relationships of freshwater fishes in Greece. Naga, ICLARM Q. 22(4):37-41.
027727  Sinis, A. and D. Petridis,1993 Population structure and reproductive strategy of the whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in two Greek Lakes. Arch. Hydrobiol. 128(4):483-497.
028038  Vehanen, T., P. Hyvärinen and A. Huusko,1998 Food consumption and prey orientation of piscivorous brown trout (Salmo trutta) and pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca) in a large regulated lake. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 14(1-2):15-22. 16
028571  Appleby, C.,1999 List of Norwegian common names of fishes. Unpublished.
029897  Kaidanova, T.I. and G.V. Efanov,1976 Karyotype of Chudskoy whitefish. (Kariotip tschudskogo ziga). Izvestiya GosNIORKh (Proceedings of the GosNIORKh). 107():94-97. Leningrad.
030090  Ohno, S.,1974 Protochordata, Cyclostomata and Pisces. In B. John (ed) Animal Cytogenetics. Vol 4, Chordata 1. 8:92p. Berlin-Stuttgart.
030105  Svardson, G.,1945 Chromosome studies on Salmonidae. Rep. Swed. State Ins. Fish Res. 23:1-51. Drottingholm.
030184  Arkhipchuk, V.V.,1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
030503  Rass, T.S.,1983 Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031670  Lehtonen, H.,1981 Biology and stock assessments of coregonids by the Baltic coast of Finland. Finnish Fish. Res. 3:31-83.
031688  Sarvala, J., M. Rajasilta, C. Hangelin, A. Hirvonen, M. Kiiskila and V. Saarikari,1988 Spring abundance, growth and food of 0+ vendace (Coregonus albula L.) and whitefish (C. lavaretus L. s.l.) in Lake Pyhäjärvi, SW Finland. Finnish Fish. Res. 9:221-233. 221-233
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033021  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1999 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 1999.
033337  Anonymous,2000 Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997. 6
034370  Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven,1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 110
035021  Prokofieva, A.,1934 On the chromosome morphology of certain pisces. Cytologia 5:498-506.
035067  Ruchkjan, R.G. and G.L. Arakeljan,1978 Kariologitscheskoje obosnovanije gibridnogo prois'choschenija sevanskich zigov. In Tes. Dokl. II. Vses. Soveschtsch. Po biochimii, genetike, kariologii, polimorfismu I mutagenesu ryb. L.: Nauka, p.12-14.
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 280
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
035895  Economidis, P.S., E. Dimitriou, R. Pagoni, E. Michaloudi and L. Natsis,2000 Introduced and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Greece. Fish. Manage. Ecol. 7:239-250.
036333  Novoselov, A.P.,2000 Size-age composition, feeding, and distribution of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus during the summer feeding in the delta of the Northern Dvina and its estuary area. J. Ichthyol. 40(2):174-181.
036508  Hilton-Taylor, C.,2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037297  Mikhov, S.,2000 Checklist of fishes of Bulgaria. FishBase checklist modified by Stoyan Mikhov.
037782  Østergaard, T.A.S.,2000 List of freshwater fishes and common names. Personal communication (ID #575).
038076  Brown, E.A.R. and D.B.C. Scott,1994 Life histories of the powan, Coregonus lavaretus (L.) (Salmonidae, Coregonidae) of Loch Lomond and Loch Eck. Hydrobiologia 290(1/3):121-133.
038153  Wärn, L.,2001 Fishes of Lake Unden in Sweden. Pers. comm. (list of 18 scientific and common names sampled by author in Lake Unden).
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039223  Bakardjiev, I. (comp.),2001 List of Bulgarian common names. Pers. comm.
039702  Coad, B.W.,1995 Freshwater fishes of Iran. Acta Sci. Nat. Acad. Sci. Brno. 29(1):1-64.
039902  Ausen, V.,1976 Age, growth, population size, mortality and yield in the whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.) of Haugatjern - a eutrophic Norwegian lake. Norw. J. Zool. 24:379-405.
040476  Keith, P. and J. Allardi (coords.),2001 Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de France. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines naturels, 47:1-387. 263-265
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041038  Mitrofanov, V.P. and T. Petr,1999 Fish and fisheries in the Altai, Northern Tien Shan and Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan). p. 149-167. In T. Petr (ed.) Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes: Asia. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. No. 385. FAO, Rome. 304 p. 158
041059  Savvaitova, K.A. and T. Petr,1999 Fish and fisheries in Lake Issyk-kul (Tien Shan), River Chu and Pamir lakes. p. 168-186. In T. Petr (ed.) Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes: Asia. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. No. 385. FAO, Rome. 304 p. 173
041168  Gabrielyan, B.K.,2001 An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Armenia. Naga ICLARM Q. 24(3&4):23-29. 25
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041475  Economidis, P.S. and E. Koutrakis,2001 Common names of comercially important Hellenic marine organisms. Aristotle University, Unpublished Technical Report.
041624  Economidis, P.S.,1991 Check list of freshwater fishes of Greece (recent status of threats and protection). Hellenic Society for the Protection of Nature, Special publication, 48 p.
041625  Bobori, D.C., P.S. Economidis and E.G. Maurakis,2001 Freshwater fish habitat science and management in Greece. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 4:381-391.
042271  Pervozvanskiy, V.Y. and V.F. Bugayev,1992 Notes on the ecology of the northern pike, Esox lucius, from the Keret' River (White Sea Basin). J. Ichthyol. 32(4):116-126. 120;tab.4
044423  Segner, H., R. Rösch, J. Verreth and U. Witt,1993 Larval nutritional physiology: studies with Clarias gariepinus, Coregonus lavaretus and Scophthalmus maximus. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 24(2):121-134.
045043  Bogutskaya, N.G.,2002 Common names of Russian freshwater fishes. Spreadsheet with cyrillic names made available for inclusion in FishBase. Unpublished.
045250  Baruš, V. and O. Oliva (eds.),1995 Mihulovci a ryby. Fauna R a SR. (Cyclostomata and fishes. Fauna of Czech Republic and Slovakia). sv. 28 Academia Praha.
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
047487  Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung,2003 Verzeichnis der Handelsbezeichnungen für Erzeugnisse der Fischerei und der Aquakultur. Retrieved 17 June 2003, from 3
047866  Coad, B.W.,2003 Freshwater fishes of Iran: checklists of Farsi names. Retrieved July 16, 2003, from
050359  Anonymous,1994 Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd. 17
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
052079  Ojaveer, E. and E. Pihu,2003 Estonian natural fish waters. p. 15-27. In E. Ojaveer, E. Pihu and T. Saat (eds.) Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 18
052093  Ojaveer, E., E. Pihu and T. Saat,2003 Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 416 p. 121
053210  Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka,2004 Catalogue of agnathans and fishes of fresh and brackish waters of Russia with comments on nomenclature and taxonomy. KMK Scientific Press Ltd. Moscow. 389 p.
054621  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2005 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of May 2005. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in May 2005.
056572  Reshetnikov, Y.S.,1966 Patterns of growth and maturation of whitefishes in the North. P. 93-155 in Patterns of abundance dynamics of fishes of the White Sea and its basin. Collected papers. Moscow, Nauka. 93-155
056616  Iacob, L. and I. Dima,2006 Regnul Animalia. Eukarya. Enciclopedia Florei si Faunei din Romania.
056631  Machacek, H. (ed.),2006 World Records Freshwater Fishing., 12 February 2006.
056787  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2006 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of April 2006. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in April 2006.
057271  Innal, D. and F. Erk'akan,2006 Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 16:39-50.
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058918  Uzunova, E. and S. Zlatanova,2007 A review of the fish introductions in Bulgarian freshwaters. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 37(1):55-61. 58
059043  Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof,2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. 353
074657  Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.),2006 Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
075611  Heese, T.,1990 Gonad development and fecundity of whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus (L.1758) from the Pomeranian Bay. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 20(1):3-12.
081828  Machacek, H. (ed.),2009 World Records Freshwater Fishing., June 2009.
083428  Dhora, Dh.,2010 Regjistër I specieve të faunës së Shqipërisë 2010. Shkodër: Camaj-Pipa. 208 p. 156
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
087703  AFMAFEWM (Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management),2011 Checklist of species in Austria. Federal Office for Water Management, Institute of Waters Ecology, Fisheries and Lake Research.
088808  Teletchea, F., A. Fostier, E. Kamler, J-N. Gardeur, P-Y. Le Bail, B. Jalabert and P. Fontaine,2009 Comparative analysis of reproductive traits in 65 freshwater fish species: application to the domestication of new fish species. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 19:403-430. 412
089660  Jonsson, N., B. Jonsson and J. Ruud-Hansen,1988 Dowstream displacement and life-history traits of whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus, in a Norwegian river. Environ. Biol. Fishes 23(3):197-204. 197-204
089875  Czerniejewski, P. and A. Rybczyk,2010 Growth rate and condition of a population of migratory common whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus (L.), from Oder estuary waters. Arch. Pol. Fish. 18:25-32.
090052  Maitland, P.S. and A.A. Lyle,1996 Threatened freshwater fishes of Great Britain. p. 9-21. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland. 10
090058  Holčik, J.,1996 Vanishing freshwater fish species of Slovakia. p. 79-86. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland. 83
090061  Povz, M.,1996 The red data list of the freshwater lampreys (Cyclostomata) and fish (Pisces) of Slovenia. p. 63-72. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland. 10
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
091195  Rösch, R.,2000 Gonadosomatic index (GSI) of female whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) in Lake Constance. Limnologica 30:193-196. 193-196
091551  Brown, E.A.R., N. Finnigan and D.B.C. Scott,1991 A life table for powan, Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in Loch Lomond, Scotland: a basis for conservation strategy. Aquat. Conserv.: Mar. Freshwat. Ecosyst. 1(2):183-187. 185
092135  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2012 Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 02 October 2012. Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).
093375  European Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS),2013 NOBANIS (Gateway to information on Invasive Alien species in North and Central Europe. NOBANIS
094493  Bianco, P.G.,2014 An update on the status of native and exotic freshwater fishes of Italy. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 30(1):62-77.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107339  FAO-FIES,2016 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 15/04/2016].
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
117988  Zeller, D., S. Booth, E. Pakhomov, W. Swartz and D. Pauly,2011 Arctic fisheries catches in Russia, USA, and Canada: baselines for neglected ecosystems. Polar Biol. 34(70:955-973. 965
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
119080  Bonisławska, M., K. Formicki and A., Winnicki, A. Korzelecka-Orkisz,2001 Fish egg size variability: biological significance. EJPAU 4(2):1-19. 3
123607  Andreasen, H., S.D. Ross, U. Siebert, N.G. Andersen, K. Ronnenberg and A. Gilles,2017 Diet composition and food consumption rate of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the western Baltic Sea. Marine Mammal Science 33(4):1053-1079. Tab3
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