More info | Plus d'info | Mais info FishBase

References using Epinephelus maculatus
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000280  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1953 Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. (20):1-977. 354
000559  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino,1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). 129;pl.114
000592  Wass, R.C.,1984 An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Natl. Ocean. Atmos. Adminis. Tech. Rept., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Spec. Sci. Rept. Fish. (781). 12
001602  Myers, R.F.,1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. 106,33C
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
002290  Loubens, G.,1980 Biologie de quelques espèces de poissons du lagon Néo-Calédonien. III. Croissance. Cah. Indo-Pac. 2:101-153.
002334  Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene,1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. 110
002857  Herre, A.W.C.T. and A.F. Umali,1948 English and local common names of Philippine fishes. U. S. Dept. of Interior and Fish and Wildl. Serv. Circular No. 14, U. S. Gov't Printing Office, Washington. 128 p. 74,108
002923  Randall, J.E.,1987 A preliminary synopsis of the groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae) of the Indo-Pacific region. p. 89-188. In J.J. Polovina and S. Ralston (eds.) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resour. Mar. Policy Ser. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder and London.
003090  Manooch, C.S. III,1987 Age and growth of snappers and groupers. p. 329-373. In J.J. Polovina and S. Ralston (eds.) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resour. Mar. Policy Ser. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder and London.
003111  Munro, J.L.,1983 Epilogue: Progress in coral reef fisheries research, 1973-1982. p. 249-265. In J.L. Munro (ed.) Caribbean coral reef fishery resources. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 7.
003131  Sainsbury, K.J., P.J. Kailola and G.G. Leyland,1985 Continental shelf fishes of the northern and north-western Australia. An illustrated guide. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research; Clouston & Hall and Peter Pownall Fisheries Information Service, Canberra, Australia. 375 p.
003807  Smith, A. and P. Dalzell,1993 Fisheries resources and management investigations in Woleai Atoll, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Inshore Fish. Res. Proj., Tech. Doc., South Pacific Commission. Noumea, New Caledonia. 64 p.
004787  Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra,1991 Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (20):332 p.
004868  Shao, K.-T., S.-C. Shen, T.-S. Chiu and C.-S. Tzeng,1992 Distribution and database of fishes in Taiwan. p. 173-206. In C.-Y. Peng (ed.) Collections of research studies on 'Survey of Taiwan biological resources and information management'. Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica. Vol. 2. (in Chinese).
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 181;fig.347;pl.17e
005399  McManus, J.W., C.L. Nañola Jr., R.B. Reyes Jr. and K.N. Kesner,1992 Resource ecology of the Bolinao coral reef system. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 22:117 p. 85
005515  Anonymous,1993 Computerized catalog of the fish collection. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California.
005525  Kulbicki, M., G. Mou Tham, P. Thollot and L. Wantiez,1993 Length-weight relationships of fish from the lagoon of New Caledonia. Naga ICLARM Q. 16(2-3):26-29.
005970  Haudricourt, A.-G. and F. Ozanne-Rivierre,1999 Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie). Lacito-Documents. Asie-Austronésie. SELAF, Paris, France.
005978  Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and P.J. Kailola,1984 Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany. 407 p. 133,324
006026  Leblic, I. and M.-H. Teulières,1987 Systemes techniques et sociaux d'exploitation traditionnelle des ressources marines des pêcheurs kanaks du nord et du sud de la Calédonie. Rapport pour les Appels d'Offre Appartenance Régionale et Identité Culturelle 1983. Transmission des Savoirs 1984.
006192  Kailola, P.J.,1987 The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 229
006867  Talwar, P.K. and R.K. Kacker,1984 Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p. 389
008879  Francis, M.P.,1993 Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pac. Sci. 47(2):136-170. 160
009070  Wantiez, L.,1993 Les poissons des fonds meubles du lagon Nord et de la Baie de Saint-Vincent de Nouvelle-Calédonie: Description des peuplements, structure et fonctionnement des communautés. Ph.D. Thesis, Université d' Aix-Marseille II, France. 134
009137  Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen,1993 Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. 116
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 27.6
011889  Thollot, P.,1996 Les poissons de mangrove du lagon sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie. ORSTOM Éditions, Paris. 67
011897  Kulbicki, M., J.E. Randall and J. Rivaton,1994 Checklist of the fishes of the Chesterfield Islands (Coral Sea). Micronesica 27(1/2):1-43. 19
012149  Baillon, N.,1991 Otolithometrie en milieu tropical: application a trois especes du lagon de nouvelle-caledonie. ORSTOM, Inst. Fr. Rech. Sci. Dév. Coop., Trav. Doc. 113. 296 p.
012415  Goo, F.C.C. and A.H. Banner,1963 A preliminary compilation of Tuamotuan animal and plant names. Hawaii Marine Laboratory, Honolulu. Unpublished MS. 7,27
012517  Kyushin, K., K. Amaoka, K. Nakaya, H. Ida, Y. Tanino and T. Senta,1982 Fishes of the South China Sea. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Nori Otsuru, Tokyo, Japan. 333 p. 176
012690  Chapman, L.B. and P. Cusack,1990 South Pacific Commission Deep Sea Fisheries Development Project Report on Second Visit to Tuvalu 30 August - 7 December 1983. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 30
012846  Nguyen, H.P., P. Le Trong, N.T. Nguyen, P.D. Nguyen, N. Do Thi Nhu and V.L. Nguyen,1995 Checklist of marine fishes in Vietnam. Vol. 3. Order Perciformes, Suborder Percoidei, and Suborder Echeneoidei. Science and Technics Publishing House, Vietnam. 76
013236  Kulbicki, M. and J.T. Williams,1997 Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Res. Bull. 444:26 p.
013561  Wantiez, L. and M. Kulbicki,1995 Main fish populations and their relation to the benthos in a silted bay of New Caledonia, as determined by visual censuses. Cybium 19(3):223-240. 234
013603  Joannot, P.,1997 List of fishes in the Noumea aquarium. Unpublished. 1
026066  Randall, J.E., H. Ida, K. Kato, R.L. Pyle and J.L. Earle,1997 Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. (11):1-74. 19
026587  Letourneur, Y., M. Kulbicki and P. Labrosse,1998 Length-weight relationships of fish from coral reefs and lagoons of New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific Ocean: an update. Naga ICLARM Q. 21(4):39-46.
028618  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
028888  Allen, G.R. and P.L. Munday,1994 Kimbe Bay rapid ecological assessment: the coral reefs of Kimbe Bay (West New Britain, Papua New Guinea), Volume 3: Fish diversity of Kimbe Bay. The Nature Conservancy, South Pacific program Office, Auckland, New Zealand. 107 p. 5
028989  Abo, T., B. Bender, A. Capelle and T. DeBrum,1976 Marshallese English Dictionary. Pail Language Texts. Micronesia.
031075  Ni, I.-H. and K.-Y. Kwok,1999 Marine fish fauna in Hong Kong waters. Zool. Stud. 38(2):130-152. 138
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 326
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
034166  Lau, P.P.F. and L.W.H. Li,2000 Identification guide to fishes in the live seafood trade of the Asia-Pacific region. World Wide Fund for Nature, Hong Kong. 137 p. 48
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 609
037816  Myers, R.F.,1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. 114
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039231  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1999 Serranidae. p. 2442-2547. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Rome, FAO. 2069-2790 p.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041464  Allen, G.R.,1998 Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In T. Werner and G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington, D.C. 7
043020  Aprieto, V.L. and E.P. Villoso,1982 Demersal fish resources of Lingayen Gulf. Fish. Res. J. Phillips. 7(2):40-49. 44
043515  Shao, K.-T., J.-P. Chen, P.-H. Kao and C.-Y. Wu,1993 Fish fauna and their geographical distribution along the western coast of Taiwan. Acata Zoologica Taiwanica 4(2):113-140. 131
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 394
045419  Dantis, A.L. and P.M. Aliño (comps.),2002 Checklist of Philippine reef fishes. p. 208-226. In Aliño, P.M.,E.F.B.Miclat,C.L.Nañola Jr.,H.A.Roa-Quiaoit and R.T.Campos(eds.) Atlas of Philippine coral reefs.Philippine Coral Reef Information (Philreefs). Goodwill Trading Co.,Inc.(Goodwill Bookstore),Quezon City,Philippines. xvi + 264p. 225
046323  Calumpong, H.P., L.J. Raymundo, E.P. Solis-Duran and R.O. de Leon (eds.),1993 Resource and ecological assessment of Carigara Bay, Leyte, Philippines - Final Report Vol.2 Fisheries resources and exploitation. Siliman University Marine Laboratory. 342 p. 95
046970  Van Quan, N.,2003 List of 400 marine Vietnamese names from museum records of Haiphong Institute of Oceanography. Personal Communication, May 2003. (word file).
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
047567  Allen, G.R. and M. Adrim,2003 Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72. 31
047698  Devanesen, D.W. and K. Chidambaram,1953 The common food fishes of the Madras State. Madras, Superintendent Government Press. 48
047699  Anonymous,1968 Kerala Fisheries (facts and figures). Kerala, Superintendent Government Press. 62
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 426
048451  Chen, J.-P., K.-T. Shao and C.-P. Lin,1995 A checklist of reef fishes from the Tungsha Tao (Pratas Island), South China Sea. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 6(2):13-40. 28
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 134
048635  Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka,2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 1-302. 145;fig.A-D
050302  Wantiez, L., M. Harmelin-Vivien and M. Kulbicki,1996 Spatial and temporal variation in a soft-bottom fish assemblage in St. Vincent Bay, New Caledonia. Mar. Biol. 125:801-812. 807
050303  Kulbicki, M. and L. Wantiez,1990 Comparison between fish bycatch from shrimp trawlnet and visual censuses in St. Vincent Bay, New Caledonia. Fish. Bull. 88:667-675. 670
050314  Wantiez, L.,1996 Comparison of fish assemblages sampled by a shrimp trawl and a fish trawl in St. Vincent bay, New Caledonia. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 76(4):759-775. 774
053797  Randall, J.E., J.T. Williams, D.G. Smith, M. Kulbicki, G.M. Tham, P. Labrosse, M. Kronen, E. Clua and B.S. Mann,2003 Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Res. Bull. Nos. 502.
054980  Randall, J.E.,2005 Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p. 159
055073  Chen, C.-H.,2004 Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication No. 4. 175 p. 62
055787  Kulbicki, M., N. Guillemot and M. Amand,2005 A general approach to length-weight relationships for New Caledonian lagoon fishes. Cybium 29(3):235-252.
055797  Kulbicki, M., Y.-M. Bozec, P. Labrosse, Y. Letourneur, G. Mou-Tham and L. Wantiez,2005 Diet composition of carnivorous fishes from coral reef lagoons of New Caledonia. Aquat. Living Resour. 18:231-250. 246
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058534  Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen,2006 Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi. 54
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 1013
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078751  Johnson, J.W.,1999 Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2):709-762. 730
079890  Thaman, R.R., T. Fong and A. Balawa,2008 Ilava Ni Navakavu: Finfishes of Vanua Navakavu, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. SPRH-FIO Biodiversity and Ethnobiodiversity Report No. 4, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084368  Taumaia, P. and P. Cusack,1997 Report on second visit to Wallis and Futuna, 4 Nov 1983 to 22 Mar 1984. Unpublished Report No. 15. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 28
085272  Seeto, J. and W.J. Baldwin,2010 A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fish. Division of Marine Studies Technical Report 1/2010. The University of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji. 102 p. 19
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
086942  Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez,2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463. 384
087848  May, D.,2005 Folk taxonomy of reef fish and the value of participatory monitoring in Wakatobi National Park, southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 18: 18-35. 34
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 178
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
090102  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. 275
093826  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2013 Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 02 July 2013. Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
101627  Kerr, V.C.,2013 A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of the northwest lagoon, between Koumac and Yandé, Province Nord, New Caledonia. BioOne Research Evolved:160-178. 162
114805  Torres, F. Jr.,2017 Species list for the five municipalities in Southern Palawan. Personal Communication [31/03/17].
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118235  Morais, R.A. and D.R. Bellwood,2018 Global drivers of reef fish growth. Fish and Fisheries 2018:1-16.
118254  Rhodes, K.L., B.M. Taylor, D. Hernandez-Ortiz and J. Cuetos-Bueno,2016 Growth and reproduction of the highfin grouper Epinephelus maculatus. J. Fish Biol. 88(5):1856-1869.
118580  SCRFA, Science and Conservation of Fish Aggregations,2018 SCRFA database. Web online database. SCRFA. [2013-onwards].
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
118793  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2013 Coral reef fishes of Timor-Leste. p. 33-82. In G.R. Allen and M.V. Erdmann (eds). A rapid biological assessment of Timor-Leste. Conservation International. 61;AnnexI
122752  University of Western Australia,2020 Benthic BRUVS data 2019. Video BRUVS from Jessica Meeuwig.
Back to Search
Back to Top
cfm script by eagbayani, 03.05.00 ,  php script by mortiz, 06.07.10 ,  last modified by mortiz, 10:35 AM 06.07.10