||Marceniuk, A.P. and C.J. Ferraris Jr.,2003 Ariidae (Sea catfishes). p. 447-455. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
||Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2003 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003.
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