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References using Carcharhinus altimus
Ref No. Description Page
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 622-623
000244  Compagno, L.J.V.,1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. 457
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 12
000386  Garrick, J.A.F.,1982 Sharks of the genus Carcharhinus. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. (445):194 p. 142
002334  Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene,1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. 18,27
002850  Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann,1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. 40
003131  Sainsbury, K.J., P.J. Kailola and G.G. Leyland,1985 Continental shelf fishes of the northern and north-western Australia. An illustrated guide. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research; Clouston & Hall and Peter Pownall Fisheries Information Service, Canberra, Australia. 375 p.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
005193  Shen, S.C. (ed.),1993 Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei. 960 p.
005213  Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga,1990 Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p. 241
005217  Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez,1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. 170
005485  Bass, A.J., P.C. Heemstra and L.J.V. Compagno,1986 Carcharhinidae. p. 67-87. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 69
005578  Compagno, L.J.V., D.A. Ebert and M.J. Smale,1989 Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. New Holland (Publ.) Ltd., London. 158 p. 62
006871  Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens,1994 Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. 225,230-1;pl.34
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 24
007300  Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley,1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. 75
009057  Economidis, P.S.,1973 Catalogue of the fishes of Greece. Reprinted from Hellenic Oceanology and Limnology, Praktika of the Inst. of Ocean. and Fishing Research, vol. 11 (1972).
009253  Compagno, L.J.V., F. Krupp and W. Schneider,1995 Tiburones. p. 647-744. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para los Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. 671
009997  Compagno, L.J.V. and V.H. Niem,1998 Carcharhinidae. Requiem sharks. p. 1312-1360. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome. 1326
010311  Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller,1995 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller (ed.) Electric fishes:history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries Series 17. Chapman & Hall, London. 51-53
010731  Springer, S.,1990 Carcharinidae. p. 101-108. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 102-103
011303  Randall, J.E. and C. Anderson,1993 Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. (59):1-47. 2
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 28;fig.22
013186  Bonfil, R.,1997 Status of shark resources in the southern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean: implications and management. Fish. Res. 29(2):101-117. 105
013277  Baranes, A. and D. Golani,1993 An annotated list of the deep-sea fishes collected in the northern Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba. Isr.l J. Zool. 39:299-336. 301
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026338  Sierra, L.M., R. Claro and O.A. Popova,1994 Alimentacion y relaciones tróficas. p. 263-284. In Rodolfo Claro (ed.) Ecología de los Peces Marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, Mexico.
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026352  Grove, J.S. and R.J. Lavenberg,1997 A list of the fishes of the Galapagos Islands. p. 1-17. In The fishes of the Galapagos Islands. Stanford University Press. 4
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 122
026842  Compagno, L.J.V.,1988 Sharks of the order Carcharhiniformes. Princeton University Press, Princeton. 323
026999  Sanches, J.G.,1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 16:429 p. 7
027093  Kohler, N.E., J.G. Casey and P.A. Turner,1995 Length-weight relationships for 13 species of sharks from the western North Atlantic. Fish. Bull. 93:412-418.
027094  Castro, J.I.,1983 The sharks of Northern American waters. Texas A&M Univ. Press, College Station, TX. 180 p.
027736  Escobar-Fernández, R. and M. Siri,1997 Nombres vernáculos y científicos de los peces del Pacífico mexicano. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Sociedad Ictiológica Mexicana, A.C. Mexico. 26
028023  Grove, J.S. and R.J. Lavenberg,1997 The fishes of the Galápagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 863 p. 80
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
033559  Cortés, E.,1999 Standardized diet compositions and trophic levels of sharks. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:707-717. 709
035205  Zaneveld, J.S.,1983 Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 4
035766  Compagno, L.J.V.,1999 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. 483
035953  Golani, D.,1996 The marine ichthyofauna of the Eastern Levant - history, inventory and characterization. Isr.l J. Zool. 42:15-55. 20
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 579
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037512  Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein,2000 Food of northwest Atlantic fishes and two common species of squid. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NE 155, 138 p. i,v,A2
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 19
040498  Béarez, P.,1996 Lista de los peces marinos del Ecuador continental. Rev. Biol. Trop. 44(2):731-741. 732
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041474  Economidis, P.S.,2001 Common names of Hellenic marine fishes. Aristotle University, Unpublished Technical Report.
041475  Economidis, P.S. and E. Koutrakis,2001 Common names of comercially important Hellenic marine organisms. Aristotle University, Unpublished Technical Report.
043312  Grace, M.,2001 Field guide to requiem sharks (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Carcharhinidae) of the western north Atlantic. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 153, 32 p. U.S. Dep. Commerce., Seattle, Washington.
043448  Golani, D., L. Orsi Relini, E. Massutí and J.-P. Quignard,2002 CIESM Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean. Vol. 1. Fishes. F. Briand (ed.). 256 pages. CIESM Publishers, Monaco. 36-37
043454  Bor, P.H.F.,2002 Nederlandse naamlijst van de recente haaien en roggen (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) van de wereld. World Wide Web electronic publication, version (05/2002). 16
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 6
047736  Luchavez-Maypa, M.-M., J.P.A. Gaudiano, A.B. Ramas-Uyptiching, M.N.R. Alava, P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens and L.J.V. Compagno,2001 The WWF elasmobranch collection: species confirmed from Philippine waters. Terminal Report submitted to the WWF-Philippines Elasmobranch Biodiversity and Conservation Project, 20 June 2001. (Unpublished).
047737  Compagno, L.J.V., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens and M.N.R. Alava,2005 Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes. CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Rept. 243. 101 p. 35
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 406
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 5
050072  Compagno, L.J.V.,2003 Carcharhinidae. Requiem sharks (ground sharks, blue sharks, sharpnose sharks). p. 466-496. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 1: Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras.
050345  Quignard, J.P. and J.A. Tomasini,2000 Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 7(3):1-66. 33
050449  Dulvy, N.K. and J.D. Reynolds,1997 Evolutionary transitions among egg-laying, live-bearing and maternal inputs in sharks and rays. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. B: Biol. Sci. 264:1309-1315. 1311
050675  Louisy, P.,2001 Guide d'identification des poissons marins. Europe et Méditerranée. Paris: Eds. Eugène Ulmer. 392
051055  Hanel, L. and J. Novák,2002 České názvy zivočichů V. Ryby a ryboviti obratlovci (Pisces) 3., maloústí (Gonorhynchiformes) - máloostní (Cypriniformes). Národní muzeum (zoologické oddělení), Praha.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 53
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 33
056138  Cortés, E.,2000 Life history patterns and correlations in sharks. Rev. Fish. Sci. 8(4):299-344. 334
057855  Bilecenoglu, M., Taskavak E., S. Mater and M. Kaya,2002 Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa (113):1-194. 14
057922  Mercader, L., D. Lloris and J. Rucabado,2003 Tots els peixos del mar Catala. Diagnosis I claus d'identifucació. Institut D'estudis Catalans. Barcelona. 350p.
058048  White, W.T., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens, G.K. Yearsley, Fahmi and Dharmadi,2006 Economically important sharks and rays of Indonesia. [Hiu dan pari yang bernilai ekonomis penting di Indonesia]. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia. 111
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058302  Mundy, B.C.,2005 Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704. 89
058342  Fricke, R., M. Bilecenoglu and H.M. Sari,2007 Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostoma and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Sea A (706):1-172. 122
058896  Lavenberg, R.J., J.S. Grove and J.A. Seigel,1994 Conservation alert: Status of fisheries for Galápagos sharks, with a checklist of known species. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. 11
074429  George, M.R. and H. Zidowitz,2006 Checkliste der europäischen Knorpelfischarten mit wissenschaftlichen und deutschen Namen. Z. Fischk. Bd. 8 Heft 1/2:71-81. 74
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 98
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084159  Golani, D. and S. V. Bogorodsky,2010 The fishes of the Red Sea - reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1-135. 6
085272  Seeto, J. and W.J. Baldwin,2010 A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fish. Division of Marine Studies Technical Report 1/2010. The University of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji. 102 p. 2
087400  Henderson, A.C. and A.J. Reeve,2011 Noteworthy elasmobranch records from Oman. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 33(1): 171-175. 171
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
094080  Wirtz, P., A. Brito, J.M. Falcón, R. Freitas, R. Fricke, V. Monteiro, F. Reiner and O. Tariche,2013 The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands - new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana 36(1):113-142. 115
094512  McCosker, J.E. and R.H. Rosenblatt,2010 The fishes of the Galápagos archipelago: An update. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 61[4(Suppl.2)]:167-195. 187
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
095871  Psomadakis, P.N., S. Giustino and M. Vacchi,2012 Mediterranean fish biodiversity: an updated inventory with focus on the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seas. Zootaxa 3263:1-46. 28
096293  Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson,2013 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, 7th edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, 384 p. 51
096339  Love, M.S., C.W. Mecklenburg, T.A. Mecklenburg and L.K. Thorsteinson,2005 Resource inventory of marine and estuarine fishes of the West Coast and Alaska: A checklist of North Pacific and Arctic Ocean species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Seattle, Washington, 98104. 7
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
104772  Keskin, C.,2015 Turkish common names. Excel file provided by Çetin Keskin, Sept 2015.
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
110893  Alava, M.N.R., J.P.A. Gaudiano, J.A. Utzurrum, E.E.C. Capuli, M.T.R. Aquino, M.M.A. Luchavez-Maypa and M.D. Santos,2014 Pating Ka Ba? An identification guide to sharks , batoids and chimaeras of the Philippines. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources - National Fisheries Research and Development Institute and Marine Wildlife Watch of the Philippines. 200 p. 23
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118627  Kumar R.R., Venu S., Akhilesh K.V., Bineesh K.K. and Rajan P.T.,2018 First report of four deep-sea chondrichthyans (Elasmobranchii and Holocephali) from Andaman waters, India with an updated checklist from the region. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 48(3):289-301. 296;tab.1
121799  University of Western Australia,2020 Pelagic BRUVS data 2019. Video BRUVS from Jessica Meeuwig.
122316  Rajan, P.T. and S.S. Mishra,2018 Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: An updated checklist. J. Andaman Sci. Assoc. 23(2):148-181. 152
123526  Garcés, H. B.,2020 Lista sistemática preliminar de los peces marinos comerciales del Pacifico de Panama. Tecnociencia, 23(1):198-237. 208
124786  Tsikliras, A.C. and D. Dimarchopoulou,2021 Filling in knowledge gaps: Length-weight relations of 46 uncommon sharks and rays (Elasmobranchii) in the Mediterranean Sea. Acta Ichthyol. et Pisc. 51(3). 3
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