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References using Tylosurus crocodilus
Ref No. Description Page
000033  Randall, J.E.,1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. Miami 5:665-847. 684
000280  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1953 Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. (20):1-977. 148
000393  Rau, N. and A. Rau,1980 Commercial marine fishes of the Central Philippines (bony fish). German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Germany. 623 pp. 107
001623  Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith,1963 The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p. 9
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
006565  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1935 Philippine fish tales. D.P. Perez Company, Manila, Philippines. 302 p. 93-95,285
006867  Talwar, P.K. and R.K. Kacker,1984 Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p. 326
009082  Barriga, R.,1991 Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88. 72
009706  Nguyen, H.P. and N.T. Nguyen,1994 Checklist of marine fishes in Vietnam. Vol. 2. Osteichthyes, from Elopiformes to Mugiliformes. Science and Technics Publishing House, Vietnam. 165
011225  Kenny, J.S.,1995 Views from the bridge: a memoir on the freshwater fishes of Trinidad. Julian S. Kenny, Maracas, St. Joseph, Trinidad and Tobago. 98 p. 43
012541  Goren, M. and M. Dor,1994 An updated checklist of the fishes of the Red Sea (CLOFRES II). The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, Israel. 120 p. 16
012690  Chapman, L.B. and P. Cusack,1990 South Pacific Commission Deep Sea Fisheries Development Project Report on Second Visit to Tuvalu 30 August - 7 December 1983. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 38
012818  Anonymous,1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
013442  Randall, J.E.,1996 Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. 58,60
013767  Randall, J.E.,1973 Tahitian fish names and a preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Society Islands. Occas. Pap. B. P. Bishop Mus. 24(11):167-214. 180
026180  Ogden, J.C., J.A. Yntema and I. Clavijo,1975 An annotated list of the fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Spec. Publ. No. 3. 9
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026587  Letourneur, Y., M. Kulbicki and P. Labrosse,1998 Length-weight relationships of fish from coral reefs and lagoons of New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific Ocean: an update. Naga ICLARM Q. 21(4):39-46.
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 393
027549  Murdy, E.O., R.S. Birdsong and J.A. Musick,1997 Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Smithsonian Institution Press Washington and London. 324 p. 119
027550  Mohsin, A.K.M. and M.A. Ambak,1996 Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. 744 p. 174;fig.272
027620  Silva, M.,1994 Especies identificadas en las pesquerias costeras artesanales del Suroeste de la Republica Dominica. Reportes del Propescar-Sur: contribuciones al conocimiento de las pesquerías en la República Dominicana. Vol. 1, 47p.
027736  Escobar-Fernández, R. and M. Siri,1997 Nombres vernáculos y científicos de los peces del Pacífico mexicano. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Sociedad Ictiológica Mexicana, A.C. Mexico. 38
028587  Diouf, P.S.,1996 Les peuplements de poissons des milieux estuariens de l'Afrique de l'Ouest: L'exemple de l'estuaire hyperhalin du Sine-Saloum. Université de Montpellier II. Thèses et Documents Microfiches No.156. ORSTOM, Paris. 267 p. 128
028888  Allen, G.R. and P.L. Munday,1994 Kimbe Bay rapid ecological assessment: the coral reefs of Kimbe Bay (West New Britain, Papua New Guinea), Volume 3: Fish diversity of Kimbe Bay. The Nature Conservancy, South Pacific program Office, Auckland, New Zealand. 107 p. 3
030531  Blaber, S.J.M., D.A. Milton, N.J.F. Rawlinson, G. Tiroba and P.V. Nichols,1990 Diets of lagoon fishes of the Solomon Islands: Predators of tuna baitfish and trophic effects of baitfishing on the subsistence fishery. Fish. Res. 8(3):263-286. 284-285
030874  Allen, G.R. and R.C. Steene,1988 Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 p. 179
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 19
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
034027  McCormack, G.,2000 Cook Islands biodiversity and natural heritage database. Sent by Gerald McCormack as RTF document in May 2000 for use in FishBase.
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
037039  McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm,1998 Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1112p. 940
038544  Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young and M.C. Dunning,1985 Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36:247-266. 261
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040498  Béarez, P.,1996 Lista de los peces marinos del Ecuador continental. Rev. Biol. Trop. 44(2):731-741. 735
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041464  Allen, G.R.,1998 Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In T. Werner and G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington, D.C. 4
043515  Shao, K.-T., J.-P. Chen, P.-H. Kao and C.-Y. Wu,1993 Fish fauna and their geographical distribution along the western coast of Taiwan. Acata Zoologica Taiwanica 4(2):113-140. 117
043538  Shao, K.-T., C.-P. Lin, L.-T. Ho and P.-L. Lin,1990 Study on the fish communities from northern and southern waters of Taiwan by analyzing the impingement data. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan 17(2):73-90. 78
043856  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the UP Marine Science Institute. Marine Sciece Insititute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.
045227  Silvestre, G.T., L.R. Garces and C.Z. Luna,1995 Resource and ecological assessment of Lagonoy Gulf, Philippines: Terminal Report Vol.1 Final Report. In G. Silvestre, C. Luna, V. Soliman and L. Garces (eds.) Resource and ecological assessment of Lagonoy Gulf, Philippines. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 000, 000 p. 83
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 317
045894  Olaño, V.L.,2002 Lagonoy Gulf fisheries in Region 5. Paper presented during the 6th Southern Luzon R & D Review. Oct. 28-29, 2002. TREES, UPLB. 30
046878  Alcala, A.C. and A.S. Cabanban,1986 Fry and larvae of fishes and crustaceans in coastal marine waters of Negros Oriental, Negros Island, Philippines. Silliman J. 33(1-4):10-23. 13
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 418
048451  Chen, J.-P., K.-T. Shao and C.-P. Lin,1995 A checklist of reef fishes from the Tungsha Tao (Pratas Island), South China Sea. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 6(2):13-40. 19
048613  Werner, T.B. and G.R. Allen,2000 A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the Calamianes Islands, Palawan province, Philippines. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 17. Washington, D.C.:Conservation International. 96
048635  Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka,2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 1-302. 48;fig.
050279  Collette, B.B.,2003 Family Belonidae Bonaparte 1832 - needlefishes. Calif. Acad. Sci. Annotated Checklists of Fishes (16):22. 10
050368  Collette, B.B.,2003 Belonidae (needlefishes). p. 1104-1113. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae).
050831  Seafood Services Australia,2004 Australian fish names list., version 16 September 2003. 16
051086  Varjo, M., L. Koli and H. Dahlström,2004 Kalannimiluettelo (versio 10/03). Suomen Biologian Seura Vanamo Ry.
051159  DeMartini, E.E. and A.M. Friedlander,2004 Spatial patterns of endemism in shallow-water reef fish populations of the northwestern Hawaiian islands. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 271:281-296. 284
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051848  Nahím, H.R. and F. Cervigón,2003 Peces del archipiélago Los Roques. Agencia Española de Cooperacíon Internacional. 304 p. 30
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 99
054733  Fagoonee, I.,1990 Coastal marine ecosystems of Mauritius. Hydrobiologia 208:55-62. 61
054980  Randall, J.E.,2005 Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p. 82
055783  Mohamed Fall, K.O.,2005 Fishes of Mauritania. Unpublished compilation of K.O. Mohamed Fall.
055787  Kulbicki, M., N. Guillemot and M. Amand,2005 A general approach to length-weight relationships for New Caledonian lagoon fishes. Cybium 29(3):235-252.
056479  Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar,2004 Atlas pesquero del area norte del Mar Caribe de Colombia. Universidad del Magadalena, Santa Marta. 230 p. 53
057228  Paugy, D.,2003 Belonidae. p. 293-297 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. 295;fig.35.3
057683  Pereira, M.A.M.,2000 Preliminary checklist of reef-associated fishes of Mozambique. Maputo, Ministtry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA). 21 pp. 13
058078  Baissac, J. de B.,1990 SWIOP/WP/54 - Checklist of the marine fishes of Mauritius. RAF/87/008/WP/54/90 Regional Project for the Development & Management of Fisheries in the Southwest Indian Ocean.
058971  Erdman, D.S.,1983 Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. no. 2, second revised edition. 44 p. 6
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 719
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
077001  Kim, I.S., Y. Choi, C.L. Lee, Y.J. Lee, B.J. Kim and J.H. Kim,2005 Illustrated book of Korean fishes. Kyo-Hak Pub Co. Seoul. 615p. (in Korean).
078751  Johnson, J.W.,1999 Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2):709-762. 724
079890  Thaman, R.R., T. Fong and A. Balawa,2008 Ilava Ni Navakavu: Finfishes of Vanua Navakavu, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. SPRH-FIO Biodiversity and Ethnobiodiversity Report No. 4, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands.
083387  Sinis, A.I.,2005 First record of Tylosurus crocodilus (Peron & Lesueur 1821) (Pisces: Belonidae) in the Mediterranean (North Aegean Sea, Greece). Journal of Biological Research (Thessaloniki). 2005; 4:221-224.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084159  Golani, D. and S. V. Bogorodsky,2010 The fishes of the Red Sea - reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1-135. 18
084211  Feitoza, B.M., R.S. Rosa and L.A. Rocha,2005 Ecology and zoogeography of deep-reef fishes in Northeastern Brazil. Bull. Mar. Sci. 76(3):725-742.
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
086942  Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez,2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463. 371
087813  Ono, R. and D.J. Addison,2009 Ethnoecology and Tokelauan fishing lore from Atafu Atoll, Tokelau. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 26: 3-22. 22
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
090102  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. 166
093252  Murdy, E.O. and J.A. Musick,2013 Field guide to fishes of the Chesapeake Bay. JHU Press, 360 p. 127-128;Drawing
093646  Corsini-Foka, M.,2010 Current status of alien species in Greek seas. p. 219-253. In Golani, D. and B. Appelbaum-Golani (Eds.). Fish Invasions in the Mediterranean Sea: Change and Renewal. Pensoft. Sofia-Moscow. 223
094080  Wirtz, P., A. Brito, J.M. Falcón, R. Freitas, R. Fricke, V. Monteiro, F. Reiner and O. Tariche,2013 The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands - new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana 36(1):113-142. 121
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
097629  Wickel, J., A. Jamon, M. Pinault, P. Durville and P. Chabanet,2014 Composition et structure des peuplements ichtyologiques marins de l’île de Mayotte (sud-ouest de l’océan Indien). Cybium 38(3):179-203. 191
098752  Sadio, O.,2014 Common names of some fish species in Senegal. Unpublished compilation of O. Sadio.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
101627  Kerr, V.C.,2013 A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of the northwest lagoon, between Koumac and Yandé, Province Nord, New Caledonia. BioOne Research Evolved:160-178. 161
103182  Trindade-Santos, I. and K.M.F. Freire,2015 Analysis of reproductive patterns of fishes from three large marine ecosystems. Front. Mar. Sci. 2:38. 38
104121  Alves, M.I.M. and H. de H. Lima,1978 Sobre a época de desova de alguns peixes marinhos do estado do Ceará, Brasil. Bol. Ciên. Mar 30:1-7. 1-7
104291  Moravec, F. and H.A. Ali,2005 Two new species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from needlefishes (Belonidae) in Iraq, with a key to Philometra spp. parasitic in the host’s subcutaneous tissue, fins and musculature. Folia Parasitologica 52: 267-273. 267
104756  Haribon,2015 List of reef-associated species in Lanuza Bay. Haribon's surveys in and outside of MPAs from 2002 to 2009. Manuscript.
105088  Abdullah, J.N.,2004 Productive biology of two Belonidae species in Shatt Al-Arab estuary, southern Iraq. Basrah Journal of Agricultural Science, 17(2):265-277.
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107629  Samaniego, B.R.,2015 Changes in the fish and benthic communities within marine protected areas of difference ages in Batangas, Verde Island Passage, and the perceived benefit of reef fishers. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna. 151 pp.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
108064  Stein, A.,2015 La pêche cotière aux Australes. p. 215-225 Salvat, B.; Bambridge, T.; Tanret, D.; Petit, J. 2015 Environnement marin des îles Australes, Polynésie française. Institut Récifs Coralliens Pacifique, CRIOBE et The Pew Charitable Trusts Polynésie française. Polynésie française, Tahiti, p. 342. 219
111352  Adhiambo, N.J.,2009 Food web structure in a tropical mangrove-seagrass ecosystem in Kenya. University of Nairobi. 95
114805  Torres, F. Jr.,2017 Species list for the five municipalities in Southern Palawan. Personal Communication [31/03/17].
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
116932  Sabrah, M.M., A.M. Amin and A.O. Attia,2017 Family Belonidae from the Suez Canal, Egypt: Age, growth, mortality, exploitation rate and reproductive biology. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research (in press).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118628  Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly,2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64.
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
118793  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2013 Coral reef fishes of Timor-Leste. p. 33-82. In G.R. Allen and M.V. Erdmann (eds). A rapid biological assessment of Timor-Leste. Conservation International. 59;AnnexI
122752  University of Western Australia,2020 Benthic BRUVS data 2019. Video BRUVS from Jessica Meeuwig.
125281  Shahul Hameed, P.V.P., A.I. Muhsin, P. Pookoya and K. Ranjeet,2021 Length-weight analysis of ten species (Actinopterygii) supporting subsistence fishery in Lakshadweep waters, southern Arabian Sea. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 51(3): 257-261. 259
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