Cromeria occidentalis

Cromeria occidentalis Daget, 1954

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Cromeria occidentalis
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> Gonorynchiformes (Milkfishes) > Kneriidae (Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: Cromeria: Perhaps related to the prehistoric Stone Age in eastern England; for the stone implements found in Cromer but needs more data.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch; pH range: 6.2 - 7.5.   Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 91322)

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Africa: basins of upper and middle Niger River, Benoué and upper Volta in Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin, Cameroon (Ref. 57474), Chad (Ref. 367) and Ivory Coast (Ref. 3066). Probably also in Togo, Nigeria and Niger (Ref. 57474).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 91321)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9-10; Anale zachte stralen: 7 - 8; Wervels: 40 - 43. Diagnosis: pelvic fin origin at level of anterior base of dorsal fin; preorbital stripe present; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-11% of SL; dorsal precaudal fin fold not reaching base of dorsal fin; 8-9 pectoral fin rays; 7 pelvic fin rays; 2 supernumerary rays in anal fin; 8 dorsal fin pterygiophores; 9+9 principal caudal fin rays; cephalic lateral line canals and supraorbital bone present; parasphenoid wide, with foramina for internal carotid arteries; neural spine of 2nd vertebra short and wide, only the length of its vertebral centrum and different from subsequent neural spines (Ref. 57474).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Maximum TL was recorded at 4.1 cm (Ref. 3566). Occurs on several substrates from fine mud to rough gravel and plant material; almost never buries into the substrate (Ref. 57474). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 57474, 91322) and phytoplankton (Ref. 91322). Reproduction likely takes place during the rainy season (August to September) (Ref. 57474) at high water levels in floodplains, brooks or rice fields (Ref. 91276, 91322).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Moritz, T., R. Britz and K.E. Linsenmair, 2006. Cromeria nilotica and C. occidentalis, two valid species of the African freshwater fish family Kneriidae (Teleostei: Gonorhynchiformes). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(1):65-72. (Ref. 57474)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 May 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden ().
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .