Cromeria occidentalis

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Cromeria occidentalis Daget, 1954

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Cromeria occidentalis
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gonorynchiformes (Milkfishes) > Kneriidae (Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: Cromeria: Perhaps related to the prehistoric Stone Age in eastern England; for the stone implements found in Cromer but needs more data.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser benthopelagisch; pH range: 6.2 - 7.5.   Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 91322)

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Africa: basins of upper and middle Niger River, Benoué and upper Volta in Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin, Cameroon (Ref. 57474), Chad (Ref. 367) and Ivory Coast (Ref. 3066). Probably also in Togo, Nigeria and Niger (Ref. 57474).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 91321)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 9-10; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7 - 8; Wirbelzahl: 40 - 43. Diagnosis: pelvic fin origin at level of anterior base of dorsal fin; preorbital stripe present; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-11% of SL; dorsal precaudal fin fold not reaching base of dorsal fin; 8-9 pectoral fin rays; 7 pelvic fin rays; 2 supernumerary rays in anal fin; 8 dorsal fin pterygiophores; 9+9 principal caudal fin rays; cephalic lateral line canals and supraorbital bone present; parasphenoid wide, with foramina for internal carotid arteries; neural spine of 2nd vertebra short and wide, only the length of its vertebral centrum and different from subsequent neural spines (Ref. 57474).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Maximum TL was recorded at 4.1 cm (Ref. 3566). Occurs on several substrates from fine mud to rough gravel and plant material; almost never buries into the substrate (Ref. 57474). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 57474, 91322) and phytoplankton (Ref. 91322). Reproduction likely takes place during the rainy season (August to September) (Ref. 57474) at high water levels in floodplains, brooks or rice fields (Ref. 91276, 91322).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Moritz, T., R. Britz and K.E. Linsenmair, 2006. Cromeria nilotica and C. occidentalis, two valid species of the African freshwater fish family Kneriidae (Teleostei: Gonorhynchiformes). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(1):65-72. (Ref. 57474)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 May 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. ().
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .