Pomacanthus arcuatus, Gray angelfish : fisheries, aquarium

Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gray angelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomacanthus arcuatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Gray angelfish)
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae (Angelfishes)
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; nir-ruaya; kisaran kedalaman 2 - 30 m (Ref. 9626).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C; 44°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New England, USA to the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 22.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3797); common length : 45.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3797); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 1.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 31-33; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 23 - 25. Pale gray around mouth, and pale gray margin on caudal fin. Inside of pectoral fin yellow (Ref. 26938). Juveniles are black with two light yellow bars on body and three on head; caudal fin yellow with a vertically elongate, nearly rectangular or hemispherical black spot in middle (Ref. 13442).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Common in coral reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in pairs. Juveniles are part-time cleaners. Feed mainly on sponges, but also takes tunicates, algae, zoantharians, gorgonians, hydroids, bryozoans, and seagrasses. Oviparous (Ref. 240), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Flesh reported to be of excellent quality (Ref. 3797); marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217). Friendly toward divers (Ref. 9710). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35419).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 849 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03631 (0.01992 - 0.06617), b=2.90 (2.74 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sangat rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum lebih dari 14 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 25.6 [15.1, 40.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.405 [0.251, 0.660] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.073, 0.171] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.6 [17.2, 58.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.8 [19.9, 230.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.969 [0.641, 1.449] mg/100g (wet weight);