Pomacanthus arcuatus, Gray angelfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gray angelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomacanthus arcuatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Gray angelfish)
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae (Angelfishes)
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; standorttreu; tiefenbereich 2 - 30 m (Ref. 9626).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C; 44°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New England, USA to the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 22.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3797); common length : 45.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3797); max. veröff. Gewicht: 1.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 31-33; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 23 - 25. Pale gray around mouth, and pale gray margin on caudal fin. Inside of pectoral fin yellow (Ref. 26938). Juveniles are black with two light yellow bars on body and three on head; caudal fin yellow with a vertically elongate, nearly rectangular or hemispherical black spot in middle (Ref. 13442).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Common in coral reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in pairs. Juveniles are part-time cleaners. Feed mainly on sponges, but also takes tunicates, algae, zoantharians, gorgonians, hydroids, bryozoans, and seagrasses. Oviparous (Ref. 240), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Flesh reported to be of excellent quality (Ref. 3797); marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217). Friendly toward divers (Ref. 9710). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35419).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 849 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03631 (0.01992 - 0.06617), b=2.90 (2.74 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 25.6 [15.1, 40.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.405 [0.251, 0.660] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.073, 0.171] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.6 [17.2, 58.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.8 [19.9, 230.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.969 [0.641, 1.449] mg/100g (wet weight);