Pomacanthus arcuatus, Gray angelfish : fisheries, aquarium

Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gray angelfish
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Pomacanthus arcuatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pomacanthus arcuatus
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae (Angelfishes)
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 2 - 30 m (Ref. 9626).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C; 44°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W

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Western Atlantic: New England, USA to the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 22.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 3797); common length : 45.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 3797); 最大公表体重: 1.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 31-33; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 23 - 25. Pale gray around mouth, and pale gray margin on caudal fin. Inside of pectoral fin yellow (Ref. 26938). Juveniles are black with two light yellow bars on body and three on head; caudal fin yellow with a vertically elongate, nearly rectangular or hemispherical black spot in middle (Ref. 13442).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Common in coral reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in pairs. Juveniles are part-time cleaners. Feed mainly on sponges, but also takes tunicates, algae, zoantharians, gorgonians, hydroids, bryozoans, and seagrasses. Oviparous (Ref. 240), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Flesh reported to be of excellent quality (Ref. 3797); marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217). Friendly toward divers (Ref. 9710). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35419).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 849 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03631 (0.01992 - 0.06617), b=2.90 (2.74 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  非常に低い, 14年以上の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 25.6 [15.1, 40.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.405 [0.251, 0.660] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.073, 0.171] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.6 [17.2, 58.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.8 [19.9, 230.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.969 [0.641, 1.449] mg/100g (wet weight);