Pateobatis fai, Pink whipray : fisheries

Pateobatis fai (Jordan & Seale, 1906)

Pink whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis fai   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pateobatis fai (Pink whipray)
Pateobatis fai
Picture by Greenfield, J.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group..  More on authors: Jordan & Seale.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich - 200 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 9°N - 26°S

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: widespread, from South Africa to the central Pacific Islands, north to Japan (Okinawa). Frequently confused with Himantura jenkinsii (Ref. 9840).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 115.4, range 120 - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 40637); max. veröff. Gewicht: 18.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Uniformly tan to brownish pink dorsally. Inhabits lagoon and seaward sand flats from the intertidal to at least 200 m. Occurs in large aggregations (Ref. 37816).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in aggregations over soft bottoms of the inner continental shelf, often near coral reefs (Ref. 9840). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Size at birth at about 55 cm WD (Ref. 6871). Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and molluscs (Ref. 89972). Common catch of the demersal tangle net, bottom trawl and, to a lesser extend, longline fisheries. Utilized for its meat, skin (high value) and cartilage (Ref.58048). By-catch of prawn trawlers (Ref. 6871).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Size at birth ~ 55 cm WD (Ref.58048).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Partner

Mould, B., 1994. A world list of rays. The scientific nomenclature and distribution of the recent Batoidea (Batoidea, Elasmobranchii, Chondrichthyes). University of Nottingham, [UK]. 82 p. (Ref. 8630)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  gefährdet, siehe IUCN Red List (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 22 February 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Venomous





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28.2, mean 26.7 °C (based on 471 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00366 - 0.01891), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Assuming fecundity<100).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 10.4 [1.4, 63.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.381 [0.070, 1.531] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.8 [19.1, 24.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.0868 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.4 [10.0, 127.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.8 [6.4, 122.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.665 [0.178, 2.526] mg/100g (wet weight);