Pateobatis jenkinsii, Jenkins whipray : fisheries

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Pateobatis jenkinsii (Annandale, 1909)

Jenkins whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis jenkinsii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pateobatis jenkinsii (Jenkins whipray)
Pateobatis jenkinsii
Male picture by SFSA

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser demersal; tiefenbereich 33 - 50 m (Ref. 9840), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 26°N - 32°S

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: South Africa to New Guinea; north to the Philippines.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 70.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 11228); 110.8 cm WD (female)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found inshore, on sandy substrates (Ref. 9840, 75154) to depths of 50m (Ref.58048). Inhabits shallow coastal waters (Ref. 45255). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Common catch of the demersal tangle net, bottom trawl and, occasionally, longline fisheries. Utilized for its meat, skin (very high value) and cartilage (Ref.58048). Max. Length of female given in Ref. 74367.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Partner

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  gefährdet, siehe IUCN Red List (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 12 May 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Mehr Information

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Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
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Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
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Eier
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Alter/Größe
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Geschwindigkeit
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Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
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Sehfähigkeit

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.9 - 28.6, mean 27.8 °C (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00366 - 0.01891), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Assuming fecundity<100).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 54.7 [8.2, 166.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.771 [0.218, 2.196] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [17.5, 22.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.361 [0.111, 1.058] g/100g ; Selenium = 58.2 [13.8, 167.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.7 [5.2, 36.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.93 [0.45, 2.16] mg/100g (wet weight);