Pateobatis bleekeri, Bleeker's whipray : fisheries

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Pateobatis bleekeri (Blyth, 1860)

Bleeker's whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis bleekeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pateobatis bleekeri (Bleeker\
Pateobatis bleekeri
Picture by Fosset, A.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group..  More on author: Blyth.

Issue
Former synonym of Pateobatis uarnacoides (both previously under Himantura), but was resurrected as valid species (Ref. 114953).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater benthopelagisch; amfidroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding ? - 30 m (Ref. 9840).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Northern Indian Ocean: Pakistan to Myanmar (but range needs refinement).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm WD mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 121648); 112.0 cm WD (female); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 21.1 kg (Ref. 121648); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 21.1 kg

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Enters estuaries (Ref. 4832). Found mainly on muddy bottoms to at least 40 m depth. Most likely to feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates (Ref. 68964).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Venomous





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00369 - 0.01874), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Assuming fecundity<100).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.