Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays)
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group.. More on author: Blyth.
Former synonym of Pateobatis uarnacoides (both previously under Himantura), but was resurrected as valid species (Ref. 114953).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino; salmastro benthopelagico; amfidromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica ? - 30 m (Ref. 9840). Tropical
Northern Indian Ocean: Pakistan to Myanmar (but range needs refinement).
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm WD maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 121648); 112.0 cm WD (female); peso massimo pubblicato: 21.1 kg (Ref. 121648); peso massimo pubblicato: 21.1 kg
Enters estuaries (Ref. 4832). Found mainly on muddy bottoms to at least 40 m depth. Most likely to feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates (Ref. 68964).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00369 - 0.01874), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .