Pateobatis bleekeri, Bleeker's whipray : fisheries

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Pateobatis bleekeri (Blyth, 1860)

Bleeker's whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis bleekeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pateobatis bleekeri (Bleeker\
Pateobatis bleekeri
Picture by Fosset, A.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group..  More on author: Blyth.

Issue
Former synonym of Pateobatis uarnacoides (both previously under Himantura), but was resurrected as valid species (Ref. 114953).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; 両側回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 ? - 30 m (Ref. 9840).   Tropical

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Northern Indian Ocean: Pakistan to Myanmar (but range needs refinement).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm WD オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 121648); 112.0 cm WD (female); 最大公表体重: 21.1 kg (Ref. 121648); 最大公表体重: 21.1 kg

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Enters estuaries (Ref. 4832). Found mainly on muddy bottoms to at least 40 m depth. Most likely to feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates (Ref. 68964).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : McEachran, John | 協力者

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Venomous





Human uses

水産業: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00369 - 0.01874), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assuming fecundity<100).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Low.