Pateobatis bleekeri, Bleeker's whipray : fisheries

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Pateobatis bleekeri (Blyth, 1860)

Bleeker's whipray
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pateobatis bleekeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pateobatis bleekeri (Bleeker\
Pateobatis bleekeri
Picture by Fosset, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group..  More on author: Blyth.

Issue
Former synonym of Pateobatis uarnacoides (both previously under Himantura), but was resurrected as valid species (Ref. 114953).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 - 30 m (Ref. 9840), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C -

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northern Indian Ocean: Pakistan to Myanmar (but range needs refinement).
印度-太平洋: 巴基斯坦,印度,斯里蘭卡,緬甸,泰國與馬來半島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 121648); 112.0 cm WD (female); 最大体重: 21.1 kg (Ref. 121648); 最大体重: 21.1 kg

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Enters estuaries (Ref. 4832). Found mainly on muddy bottoms to at least 40 m depth. Most likely to feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates (Ref. 68964).

出现于软的底部到至少 30 公尺上的沿海地区种.(参考文献 9840) 进入河口。 (参考文献 4832) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449) 肉被制成食物,而且皮肤被用来生产皮革。 (参考文献 9840)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 巴基斯坦,印度,斯里蘭卡,緬甸,泰國與馬來半島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  濒危 (EN) (A2d); Date assessed: 29 April 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00366 - 0.01891), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Assuming fecundity<100).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.