Sprattus antipodum, New Zealand blueback sprat : fisheries, bait

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Sprattus antipodum (Hector, 1872)

New Zealand blueback sprat
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Sprattus antipodum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sprattus antipodum (New Zealand blueback sprat)
Sprattus antipodum
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Sprattus: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 - 72 m (Ref. 58489), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C - ; 37°S - 48°S, 166°E - 180°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.
西南太平洋: 紐西蘭。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); common length : 9.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 13-21; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 12 - 23; 脊椎骨: 48 - 51. Upper jaw rounded and not notched on frontal view. Gill cover without bony radiating striae; tooth plate on tongue broad, almost oval, width about 3 times in length, lateral teeth strong; scales with fine radiating or horizontal striae on exposed posterior part; back steel blue when fresh. Pterotic bulla absent. Last two anal rays normal.
上颌圆的而不是在前的见解上凹槽。 没有多骨的放射陷纹的鳃盖; 在舌上的齿碟宽的,几乎椭圆形, 宽度大约 3 倍长, 强劲地的侧齿; 在裸露的较后面的部分上鳞片有细的放射或水平的陷纹; 新鲜时的背面铁蓝色。 翼的文件印章不存在。 最后两个臀鳍鳍条正常。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A schooling species in coastal waters. The biology probably resembles that of S. muelleri from which it has not usually been distinguished in earlier studies. Tends to occur in the bottom or midwater except during summer when surface shoals may appear; extends to deeper water in summer and retreats to close inshore for spawning during winter (Ref. 9258). Reported from surface (Ref. 188) to 72 m (Ref. 58489).

在沿岸水域中的一个群游性鱼种。 生物学特性可能类似 S. muelleri 从它已经不常在比较早的研究被区别。 倾向除了夏天时表面浅滩何时可能出现以外出现在底部或者中层水域; 在夏天延伸到较深的水域而且在冬天期间撤退回近岸产卵。 (参考文献 9258)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西南太平洋: 紐西蘭。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业; 诱饵: occasionally
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 10.9 - 18.2, mean 16.1 °C (based on 38 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00349 - 0.01438), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.