Hemitrygon laosensis, Mekong stingray : fisheries

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Hemitrygon laosensis (Roberts & Karnasuta, 1987)

Mekong stingray
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Hemitrygon laosensis
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
  More on authors: Roberts & Karnasuta.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater demersaal; potamodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southeast Asia: endemic to the Mekong River (Cambodia and Thailand); introduced to Chao Phraya River (Thailand).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 62.0 cm WD mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 27732); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 6.0 kg (Ref. 27732)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 0. Distinguished from the other stingray species in the Mekong basin by the presence of a ventral and a dorsal skin folds on the tail and the bright orange color of the ventral surface of the disc. The middle disc is whitish with scattered large orange spots. The dorsal surface of the disc is brown (Ref. 27732). Disc longer than wide; tail longer than body (Ref. 12693). Lacking caudal fin; with long whip-like tail (Ref. 43281).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Obligate freshwater stingray that occurs over sandy substrate in large rivers. Feeds on bottom-dwelling invertebrates (Ref. 12693). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Marketed fresh (Ref. 32457).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Last, P.R. and L.J.V. Compagno, 1999. Dasyatididae. Stingrays. p. 1479-1505. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9840)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Bedreigd (EN) (A2acde); Date assessed: 24 February 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00265 - 0.01571), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Assuming Fec<10).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.