Hemitrygon laosensis, Mekong stingray : fisheries

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Hemitrygon laosensis (Roberts & Karnasuta, 1987)

Mekong stingray
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Hemitrygon laosensis
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
  More on authors: Roberts & Karnasuta.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bottenlevande; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Southeast Asia: endemic to the Mekong River (Cambodia and Thailand); introduced to Chao Phraya River (Thailand).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 62.0 cm WD hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 27732); publicerad maxvikt: 6.0 kg (Ref. 27732)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 0. Distinguished from the other stingray species in the Mekong basin by the presence of a ventral and a dorsal skin folds on the tail and the bright orange color of the ventral surface of the disc. The middle disc is whitish with scattered large orange spots. The dorsal surface of the disc is brown (Ref. 27732). Disc longer than wide; tail longer than body (Ref. 12693). Lacking caudal fin; with long whip-like tail (Ref. 43281).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Obligate freshwater stingray that occurs over sandy substrate in large rivers. Feeds on bottom-dwelling invertebrates (Ref. 12693). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Marketed fresh (Ref. 32457).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Medarbetare

Last, P.R. and L.J.V. Compagno, 1999. Dasyatididae. Stingrays. p. 1479-1505. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9840)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Endangered (EN) (A2acde); Date assessed: 24 February 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Ekosystem
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Morfometri
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Otoliths
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Special reports

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Internet-källor

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00265 - 0.01571), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Assuming Fec<10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.