Potamalosa richmondia, Freshwater herring : fisheries

You can sponsor this page

Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay, 1879)

Freshwater herring
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Google 影像
Image of Potamalosa richmondia (Freshwater herring)
Potamalosa richmondia
Picture by FAO

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡形目 (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) 鯡科 (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Potamalosa: Greek, potamos = river + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Macleay.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水; 降海洄游 (Ref. 51243).   亞熱帶的; 32°S - 39°S, 139°E - 151°E (Ref. 188)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Oceania: Endemic to southeastern Australia.
大洋洲: 澳洲東南部 (獵人,霍克伯里, 尼匹恩與新南威爾斯與維多利亞的其他河) 的特有種.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 44894); common length : 15.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 44894); 最大年齡: 11 年 (Ref. 6996)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 12-18; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 16 - 27. Body fairly elongate, belly keeled, with 16 to 18 + 14 or 15 scutes; about 14 dorsal scutes with low keel from head to dorsal fin origin. Minute or no teeth in jaws; second supra-maxilla slender. Branchiostegal rays 8. Anal fin origin far behind dorsal fin base. Juveniles resemble Hyperlophus, which has a deeper second supra-maxilla, only 4 branchiostegal rays and i 6 pelvic fin rays.
身體相當延長, 龍骨的腹面, 藉由 16 到 18個 +14 或 15 鱗甲; 用低的從頭部到背鰭起點的龍骨脊的大約 14個背部的鱗甲。 細小或沒有顎中的牙齒; 第二個上顎骨細長的。 鰓條骨 8. 臀鰭起源在背鰭基底後方遠處。 稚魚與 Hyperlophus 相似, 有一個比較深的第二上顎骨,只有 4個鰓條骨與 i 6個腹鰭鰭條。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

It occurs in clear, moderately fast-flowing streams, as well as in quiet backwaters, estuaries, and in the sea ( Ref. 5259, 44894). Also found in sluggish lowland rivers (Ref. 44894). A schooling species and appears diadromous. A fast swimming, shoal-forming species. Nothing much is known of its biology, although it may have a catadromous life cycle. Downstream migration to estuaries, presumably for spawning, has been reported in winter months (July-August). Feeds on worms, small crustaceans and insects (Ref. 44894). Breeds in estuaries in July to August. Taken in nets during the spawning season; will also take bait.

一個群游性魚種而且出現河海洄游性。 它出現於清澈又一般快速流動的溪流中, 以及在安靜的洄水區,河口中, 與在海洋中.( 參考文獻 5259) 吃蝦,蠕蟲與昆蟲。 在七月到八月繁殖於河口。 在產卵季節的時候採自了網; 也吃誘餌。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

大洋洲: 澳洲東南部 (獵人,霍克伯里, 尼匹恩與新南威爾斯與維多利亞的其他河) 的特有種.

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 February 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 自給性漁業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00333 - 0.00828), b=3.23 (3.09 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 8.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.13; tmax=11).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Low.