Potamalosa richmondia, Freshwater herring : fisheries

Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay, 1879)

Freshwater herring
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Potamalosa richmondia
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Potamalosa: Greek, potamos = river + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Macleay.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 降海洄游 (Ref. 51243).   亞熱帶的; 32°S - 39°S, 139°E - 151°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Oceania: Endemic to southeastern Australia.
大洋洲: 澳洲東南部 (獵人,霍克伯里, 尼匹恩與新南威爾斯與維多利亞的其他河) 的特有種.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 44894); common length : 15.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 44894); 最大年龄: 11 年 (Ref. 6996)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 12-18; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 16 - 27. Body fairly elongate, belly keeled, with 16 to 18 + 14 or 15 scutes; about 14 dorsal scutes with low keel from head to dorsal fin origin. Minute or no teeth in jaws; second supra-maxilla slender. Branchiostegal rays 8. Anal fin origin far behind dorsal fin base. Juveniles resemble Hyperlophus, which has a deeper second supra-maxilla, only 4 branchiostegal rays and i 6 pelvic fin rays.
身体相当延长, 龙骨的腹面, 藉由 16 到 18个 +14 或 15 鳞甲; 用低的从头部到背鳍起点的龙骨脊的大约 14个背部的鳞甲。 细小或没有颚中的牙齿; 第二个上颚骨细长的。 鳃条骨 8. 臀鳍起源在背鳍基底后方远处。 稚鱼与 Hyperlophus 相似, 有一个比较深的第二上颚骨,只有 4个鳃条骨与 i 6个腹鳍鳍条。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

It occurs in clear, moderately fast-flowing streams, as well as in quiet backwaters, estuaries, and in the sea ( Ref. 5259, 44894). Also found in sluggish lowland rivers (Ref. 44894). A schooling species and appears diadromous. A fast swimming, shoal-forming species. Nothing much is known of its biology, although it may have a catadromous life cycle. Downstream migration to estuaries, presumably for spawning, has been reported in winter months (July-August). Feeds on worms, small crustaceans and insects (Ref. 44894). Breeds in estuaries in July to August. Taken in nets during the spawning season; will also take bait.

它出现于清澈又一般快速流动的溪流中, 以及在安静的洄水区,河口中, 与在海洋中.( 参考文献 5259,44894) 也发现于缓动性的低地河。 (参考文献 44894) 一个群游性鱼种而且出现河海洄游性。 快速的游泳, 形成浅滩的种。 没事很多的被知道它的生物学特性, 虽然它可能有一个降海洄游的生命周期。 下游回游到河口, 可能进行产卵, 已经被报告冬天时数个月 (七月-八月). 吃蠕虫,小型甲壳动物与昆虫。 (参考文献 44894) 在七月到八月繁殖于河口。 在产卵季节的时候采自了网; 也吃誘餌。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

大洋洲: 澳洲東南部 (獵人,霍克伯里, 尼匹恩與新南威爾斯與維多利亞的其他河) 的特有種.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 February 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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生态毒物学
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特别资料

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网络资源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00333 - 0.00828), b=3.23 (3.09 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 8.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.13; tmax=11).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.