Ilisha africana, West African ilisha : fisheries

Ilisha africana (Bloch, 1795)

West African ilisha
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Ilisha africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Ilisha africana
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Ilisha: An Indian name.  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 深度上下限 0 - 35 m (Ref. 86940).   熱帶; 17°N - 7°S, 17°W - 14°E (Ref. 54448)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Africa: Atlantic coasts from northern parts of Senegal south to Baie de Saint-Bras in Angola (Ref. 188, 3509), also in lagoons and river estuaries (Ref. 188, 81270).
東大西洋: 塞內加爾北部南至 Baie de 聖徒-胸罩,安哥拉。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 13.0, range 13 - 18 cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 27000); common length : 16.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); 最大体重: 144.00 g (Ref. 86940)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 14-17; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 45 - 50; 脊椎骨: 42 - 43. Diagnosis: Body moderately deep, compressed, belly with a sharp and serrated keel of scutes from gill opening to anus, 25-27 pre-pelvic and 6-8 post-pelvic sharp scutes (Ref. 187, 188, 81270). Eye large, mouth pointing upwards, lower jaw projecting (Ref. 187, 188). Dorsal fin at or before midpoint of body; anal fin long, with more than 40 finrays, its origin below dorsal fin base; pelvic fins small (Ref. 187, 188). Swimbladder with two short tubes passing back in the muscles on either side of haemal spines (Ref. 188). Other clupeoid fishes in the area are more slender, have a much shorter anal fin and the lower jaw is not strongly projecting (Ref. 188).
腹面有 25 到 27个 +7 或 8个锐利的鳞甲。 眼大的, 下颌突出的。 背鳍在或在身体中央之前; 腹鳍小的; 臀鳍长的, 在背鳍基底之下的它的起源。 在其中任何一个脉棘上的肌肉中泳鳔有二个短的管通过背面。 在区域的其他的鲱鱼是更细长的, 有很多的较短的臀鳍与不突出的下面的颌。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in the marine environment, pelagic, along beaches and just off shore, down to about 25 m, also in lagoons and estuaries, penetrating into almost freshwater (Ref. 187, 188, 54448). A marine migrant (Ref. 117399). Rarely found below 35 m depth (Ref. 86940). It feeds on small planktonic animals, e.g. small fish and crustaceans; it doesn't seem to feed on plankton (Ref. 188, 3166, 47405).

发现沿着海滩与快到外海的水域了; 也在泻湖与河口, 进入几乎淡水之内。 吃浮游生物,底栖性无脊椎动物,鱼,与碎屑。 (参考文献 28587)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 塞內加爾北部南至 Baie de 聖徒-胸罩,安哥拉。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 July 2014

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
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Nutrients
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声音
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泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.9 - 28, mean 27.5 °C (based on 160 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00541 - 0.00807), b=3.01 (2.96 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.8-1.3).
Prior r = 1.19, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.79, Based on 3 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 271 [146, 501] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.37 [1.37, 4.10] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.9, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.918 [0.407, 2.164] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.9 [25.2, 114.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.1 [6.0, 51.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.59 [1.11, 2.31] mg/100g (wet weight);